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:: دوره 24، شماره 4 - ( دو ماهنامه طب جنوب 1400 ) ::
جلد 24 شماره 4 صفحات 264-242 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
زیست بانک دریایی: از حفاظت ذخائر ژنتیکی تا کارآفرینی زیست پزشکی
طوبی زنده‌بودی1 ، علیرضا افشار1، آرزو خرادمهر1، حسین آذری1، مجتبی فرجام2، امین تمدن 3
1- مرکز تحقیقات زیست فناوری دریایی‌ خلیج‌فارس، پژوهشکده علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج‌فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
2- مرکز تحقیقات بیماری‌های غیرواگیر، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران
3- مرکز تحقیقات زیست فناوری دریایی‌ خلیج‌فارس، پژوهشکده علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج‌فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران ، amintamaddon@yahoo.com
چکیده:   (140 مشاهده)

منابع زیستی دریایی و زیستمندان آن یکی از اصلی‌ترین بخش‌های زیست بوم‌های دریایی هستند. مجموعه‌های منابع زیستی دریایی برای پژوهش‌های منظم ژنتیکی و استحصال و استخراج مواد زیستی از ارگانیسم‌های دریایی که پتانسیل توسعه تجاری و اشتغال­زایی در مناطق ساحلی را دارند، مهم می‌باشند. با تشکیل زیست بانک دریایی، علاوه بر راه‌اندازی روشی برای فعالیت مشترک، حفاظت از تنوع زیستی و بهره­برداری زیست فناورانه، پژوهش‌ها در سطح دانشگاه‌ها را نیز با اهداف زیر منسجم خواهد کرد: الف) تنظیم ابزارهای فن‌آوری و روش‌های متداول برای نگهداری سوابق منابع زیستی دریایی موجود در کل درخت فیلوژنتیک زندگی. ب) استفاده از بهترین روش‌ها و دستورالعمل‌های ذخیرهسازی و ثبت اطلاعات در مجموعه زیست بانک برای اطمینان از رعایت چارچوب نظارتی و مقررات مربوط به دسترسی و به اشتراک‌گذاری داده‌ها در مورد استفاده از منابع زیستی دریایی برای پژوهش‌های تجاری و دانشگاهی. ج) توسعه یک پلاتفورم نوآوری برای کاربران حقیقی و حقوقی در سطح ملی و تولید مجموعه‌ای از دستورالعمل‌های استفاده از منابع زیستی دریایی برای اهداف نوآورانه. در نهایت زیست بانک دریایی، دسترسی پایدار به تنوع زیستی دریایی، دادههای مرتبط با آن و محصولات قابل استخراج را برای پژوهشگران دانشگاهی و همچنین کاربران در صنعت را تسهیل می­کند. در این نوشتار تلاش شده است به شکل‌گیری، اهمیت و کاربرد زیست بانک‌های دریایی پرداخته شود.
واژه‌های کلیدی: زیست بانک دریایی، نمونه زیستی، کارآفرینی، زیست پزشکی
متن کامل [PDF 691 kb]   (68 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: گزارش موردی | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1400/1/17 | پذیرش: 1400/5/17 | انتشار: 1400/8/8
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Zendehboudi T, Afshar A R, Khoradmehr A, Azari H, Farjam M, Tamadon A. Marine Biobank: From Protection of Genetic Resources to Biomedical Entrepreneurship. Iran South Med J. 2021; 24 (4) :242-264
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1500-fa.html

زنده‌بودی طوبی، افشار علیرضا، خرادمهر آرزو، آذری حسین، فرجام مجتبی، تمدن امین. زیست بانک دریایی: از حفاظت ذخائر ژنتیکی تا کارآفرینی زیست پزشکی. طب جنوب. 1400; 24 (4) :264-242

URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1500-fa.html



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