:: Volume 6, Issue 2 (Iranian south medical of journals 2004) ::
Iran South Med J 2004, 6(2): 165-171 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of factors influencing on non-exclusive breast feeding during the first six months of life in Bushehr Port using focus group discussion
Sherafat Akaberian *, Mahin Dianat
Abstract:   (20652 Views)
Non-exclusive breast feeding in the early years of life is one of the most important factors in growth and development of infants. Therefore, exclusive breast feeding is recommended during the first six months of life. For determining the effective factors of non-exclusive breast feeding during the first six months of life, we used focus group discussion by participation of 60 mothers who had an infant under 6 months age and enjoyed non-exclusive breast feeding. Mothers divided into eight groups considering their occupation and number of child. All groups reported scanty of mother’s milk, mother’s occupation, mother’s illness, mother’s comfort, wrong beliefs, infant’s illness, doctors and health care providers recommendations, infant’s dependency to feeding bottle and pacifiers as the most frequent factors in using nonexclusive breast feeding. All mothers believed that health care centers, relatives and older members of family, books and pamphlets, mass media, physicians were their effective sources of awareness and promotion of exclusive breast feeding. Considering the presented ideas in all groups, it is realized that mothers during their pregnancy have sparse information about exclusive breast feeding and because of lack of enough essential training, some socio – cultural beliefs affects non-exclusive breast feeding. Mass media and especial training programs should be implemented to promote exclusive breast feeding in Bushehr Port.
Keywords: breast feeding, focus group discussion, infant, mother
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2009/01/21 | Accepted: 2009/01/21 | Published: 2009/01/21

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Volume 6, Issue 2 (Iranian south medical of journals 2004) Back to browse issues page