:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (Iranian south medical of journals 2006) ::
Iran South Med J 2006, 9(1): 85-92 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of mental health disorders and its associated demographic factors in resettled Afghan refugees of Dalakee Refugee Camp in Bushehr Province 2005
Fatemeh Azizi1, Kourush Holakoie Naieni, Abbas Rahimi, Mohammad Amiri, Fatemeh Khosravizadegan
1- , faazizi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14790 Views)
Background: Iran has received Afghan refugees for many years. Few studies have been done to assess psychiatric morbidity among Afghan refugees in Iran, especially those who are resettled in camps. This study has been designed to determine the prevalence of mental health problems and the associated demographic factors, in Afghan refugees resettled in Dalakee refugee camp of Bushehr Province, in 2005. Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, a Persian version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) was administered to 321 resettled Afghan refugees with the minimum age of 15 years old who were randomly selected among 2200 residents of Dalakee refugee camp in Bushehr Province. Results: Among mental health subscales, the prevalence of social dysfunction, psychosomatic problem, anxiety and depression in the studied population were 80.1%, 48.9%, 39.3% and 22.1%, respectively. The total prevalence of mental health disorders in this camp was 88.5%. Male gender, living with more than eight persons per house, and being age ten or under at migration time were associated with higher level of social dysfunction. Higher rate of psychosomatic problem was associated with unemployment, being born in Iran, being age ten or under at migration time, and having no entertaining programs. Having 1-3 children, living with more than eight persons per house, and positive history of chronic disease were associated with higher level of anxiety. Having no entertaining programs, and family members' death during migration were associated with higher level of depression. Conclusion: Mental health problems related to immigration and living in camps, are common among Afghan refugees.
Keywords: mental health; refugees; GHQ28, mental illness
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2006/01/22 | Accepted: 2006/08/28 | Published: 2009/01/14


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Volume 9, Issue 1 (Iranian south medical of journals 2006) Back to browse issues page