Volume 17, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2014)                   Iran South Med J 2014, 17(1): 85-98 | Back to browse issues page

PMID: 27096432
PMCID: PMC4838293

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1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN , sina_dobaradaran@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (11239 Views)

Oil has vital importance in many industries and is the main source of energy internationally it supplies 32% of energy in Europe and Asia and more than 53% in Middle East. The most volume of oil industry products includes fuel oil and gasoline (diesel). Oil is used as the basic material in producing chemical products such as medicines, solvents, chemical fertilizers, pesticides and etc. Considering the importance of petroleum industry in the world we should not ignore its harms to humans and the environment and should look for solutions to reduce them. Nowaday petroleum refineries emit million pounds of air pollutants that pose a serious risk of harm to human health and the environment as well as impairs the life quality of the people that living nearby these industries. These pollutants consist of volatile organic compounds, SO2, NOx, particulate matter, CO, H2S and HAPs. These pollutants have different adverse impacts on different parts of ecosystem, environment and animals. So this paper deals with some of these problems.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2013/08/11 | Accepted: 2013/12/6 | Published: 2014/02/2

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