:: Volume 18, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) ::
Iran South Med J 2015, 18(1): 1-14 Back to browse issues page
Major dietary pattern and association with between obesity and central obesity in adult women of Bushehr city
Mahbobeh Shaneshin 1, Farideh Nazary2
1- Food and drug faculty, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran , mshaneshin@yahoo.com
2- health faculty, Bushehr University of Medical Science, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (4811 Views)

Background: Dietary pattern analysis has emerged as an alternative and complementary approach to examine the relationship between diet and the risk of chronic diseases.The aim of this study is to determine the association between major dietary patterns and general and central obesity among adult women living in Bushehr city. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bushehr, with 362 women aged 20-50 years. Dietary intake in the previous year was assessed by a semi-quantitative 133-item food frequency questionnaire. The food items were classified into 38 food groups. In addition, social-demography and anthropometric data were gathered using questionnaires. Weight, height and waist circumstance (WC) were measured with standard methods and Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated. General obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 and central obesity as WC ≥ 88 cm. Factor analysis and ANOVA were used for data analysis. Results: Mean age and BMI was 31 years and 24.4, respectively. 14% of the subjects had generally obese and 40% centrally obese.Two major dietary patterns were extracted: "Healthy" and "Unhealthy" dietary pattern. Individuals in the highest quartile of the unhealthy dietary pattern score were more likely to be generally obese (23.6 vs 7.9 p<0.05) whereas, those in the upper quartile of healthy dietary pattern were less likely to be generally obese (6.7 vs 20.2 p<0.01). Conclusion: Major dietary patterns of Bushehrian women had a significant association with general obesity. Suggesting that further prospective researches to confirm such associations.

Keywords: Dietary patterns, Factor analysis, General obesity, central obesity, Women
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2015/02/18 | Accepted: 2015/02/18 | Published: 2015/02/18

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Volume 18, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) Back to browse issues page