:: Volume 20, Issue 4 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2017) ::
Iran South Med J 2017, 20(4): 362-369 Back to browse issues page
Survey of Rodents Fauna Regarding to their Probabilistic Contamination to Leishmania (2013-2014)
Mohammad Darvishi 1, Reza Jafari 2, Hossean Darabi 3, Iraj Zendehbodi 1, Sayeas Abdolmanaf Jahangard 1
1- Health and Treatment Network,Tangestan, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences ,Bushehr, Iran
2- Isfahan Health Research Station, National Institute of Health Research,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Teahran, Iran , Jafari_r@farabi.tums.ac.ir
3- The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (1354 Views)
Background: Tangistan County now is considered as one of the foci of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Bushehr province. Rodents are the primary parasites reservoir of this disease (Leishmania major), and so far four of them have been identified as the main sources of the disease in the country. This research aimed to identify these rodents species and to determine the extent of contamination by Leishmania in Tangistan County.
Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive cross-sectional study, and the sample rodents were collected by using live traps. The captured rodents were identified based on their morphological characteristics by using valid detection keys.The captured rodents were anesthetized with chloroform, and then two smears were prepared from each subject by sanding method from each ear. Smears were dried and fixed with methanol. Finally, the smears were stained using standard Giemsa method and observed under the light microscope.
Results: From the total of 187 collected samples from rodents, nine species were identified. Tatera indica with 70.6% was the dominant species. In this study, there were no rodents contaminated with Leishmania. All captured rodents were contaminated with lice and fleas. The primarily reported ectoparasites were fleas, mainly from xenopsylla cheopis and xenopsylla astia species.
Conclusion: This study shows a high frequency of Tatera indica in this Tangistan county; also the previous studies have reported this species as the primary source of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the same region (southwestern Iran). Hence, Tatera indica could be considered as the main source for zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in the future.
 
Keywords: Fauna, Rodents, Leishmania, Tangestan
Full-Text [PDF 471 kb]   (372 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Parasitology
Received: 2017/08/27 | Accepted: 2017/08/27 | Published: 2017/08/27
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