:: Volume 21, Issue 4 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2018) ::
Iran South Med J 2018, 21(4): 287-296 Back to browse issues page
Synthesis and Characterization of Nanoparticles from Cuttlebone (sepia pharaonis) of Persian Gulf
Razeah Ahmadi1 , Shahriyar Osfouri 2, Reza Azin3
1- Department of Chemical Enginreering, School of Petroleum, Gas, and Petrochemical Engineering, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Chemical Enginreering, School of Petroleum, Gas, and Petrochemical Engineering, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran , osfouri@pgu.ac.ir
3- Department of Petroleum Enginreering, School of Petroleum, Gas, and Petrochemical Engineering, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (963 Views)
Background: Cuttlebone is composed mostly of CaCO3 and chitin, and can be used as a natural source of CaCO3 nanoparticle production.
Materials and Methods: In this study, ball milling and dispersion of initial powder in a surfactant, cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) aqueous solution were used to produce CaCO3 nanoparticles from cuttlebone (Sepia pharaonis) of the Persian Gulf. Then, the results of the two methods were compared. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) were used to characterize particles.
Results: The results showed that two hours grinding of the initial powder produced nanoparticles of 44 nm diameter. Moreover, increasing the grinding time had a direct effect on reducing the size of the nanoparticles. The obtained results from dispersion of initial powder in surfactant aqueous solution indicated the great result of nanoparticles of 40 nm diameter.
Conclusion: The capability of cuttlebone powder (Sepia pharaonis) of the Persian Gulf to produce nanoparticles in a process characterized with low energy consumption and low processing time suggests that it may be used at industrial scale for the synthesis of biocompatible nanoparticles.
 
 
Keywords: Cuttlebone, Sepia pharaonis, CaCO3, Nanoparticles, Persian Gulf.
Full-Text [PDF 932 kb]   (353 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Biochemistry. Cell Biology and Genetics
Received: 2018/09/4 | Accepted: 2018/09/4 | Published: 2018/09/4
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