:: Volume 21, Issue 6 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2019) ::
Iran South Med J 2019, 21(6): 481-492 Back to browse issues page
Factors Related to the Health of Employees and Residents of Pars Special Economic Energy Zone Camps: A Qualitative Study
Behzad Damari1 , Ahmad Hajebi2, Habib Emami3, AliAkbar Zeinaloo4, Abbas Vosough moghaddam5, MohammadHosean Salarianzadeh6, Farima Minaee 7
1- Governance and Health Department, Neuroscience Research Inistitute, Tehran Medical University, Tehran, Iran
2- Psychiatric Department, Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behavior (ReCARB), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Epidemiology group, Tobacco Prevention and Control Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Center of Excellence, Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Health Sector Policy Coordination Group, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
6- Management Development and Transform Center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
7- Governance and Health Department, Neuroscience Research Inistitute, Tehran Medical University, Tehran, Iran , minaee.farima@gmail.com
Abstract:   (734 Views)
Background: South Pars gas field is the world's largest gas field and the capital of energy in Iran. The oil and gas industry exerts potential effects on the health and culture of its surrounding community. The
sustainability requirements of development projects include local participation, human sustainability and social sustainability. The present study was conducted to investigate health-associated challenges and their effective causes and solutions from the perspective of the residents of the camps and the staff of Pars Special Economic Energy Zone (PSEEZ) as stakeholders and participants in the development projects.
Materials and Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted on a population comprising two groups, including the staff of the region’s industry and the residents of  camps. Purposive sampling was used to collect data using four methods, including library studies, holding group discussion sessions and
surveying the staff, ethnographic observations and focus group discussion. The data were collected from the questions raised and content analysis was performed.
Results: Inadequate living facilities and space, insufficient facilities for recreation and exercise, failing to comply with health standards and requirements, addition and psychological illnesses were proposed as the main problems in the region. The solutions proposed by the employees in the region included planning and enforcing its implementation, forcing employers to meet the minimum health standards, financing or
attracting investments for recreational and welfare facilities and teaching safety precautions and health points to the residents and employees.
Conclusion: The root cause of the problems is mainly operational and structural. Most of the solutions are therefore compulsory, including obligations such as forcing contractors to meet the requirements, changing welfare regulations and following a legally-enforced program.
Keywords: PSEEZ, evaluating the social effects, evaluating the health effects, oil and gas industry
Full-Text [PDF 723 kb]   (175 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2019/01/1 | Accepted: 2019/01/1 | Published: 2019/01/1
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