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:: Volume 23, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2020) ::
Iran South Med J 2020, 23(5): 494-504 Back to browse issues page
Antimicrobial Effects of Some Persian Gulf Marine Sponges
Seyed Hassan Seradj 1, Seyedeh Zhale Hashemi2, Kamyar Zomorodian3, Mahmood Reza Moein2
1- Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran , serajh@sums.ac.ir
2- Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3- Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (427 Views)
Background: We investigated in vitro antimicrobial activity of five marine sponge species collected from Kish Island in the Persian Gulf: Fascaplysinopsis reticulata, Callyspongia clavatus, Callyspongia siphonella, Niphates furcata, and Pseudosuberites clavatus against gram positive bacteria, gram negative bacteria, fungi and yeasts.
Materials and Methods: Sponage extracts were prepared by two solvents of dichloromethane and methanol in three steps. The extracts were then tested with broth microdilution method.
Results: Microorganisms varied in their susceptibility to extracts. Fungi were less sensitive than both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus mutans were more sensitive than other bacteria. All extracts showed acceptable antimicrobial activity against at least one bacterial strain. Marine sponge Fascaplysinopsis reticulata had the highest activity against all examined gram-positive bacteria including resistant strains (MIC of dichloromethane and methanolic extracts were in the range of 0.25-8 and 16-32 µg/ml, respectively).
Conclusion: The results showed that marine sponge Fascaplysinopsis reticulata had significant antimicrobial activity, and is a promising candidate for further purification and identification of antibacterial compounds.
Keywords: antimicrobial activity, Persian Gulf, marine sponge, Fascaplysinopsis reticulata
Full-Text [PDF 593 kb]   (95 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Pharmacology
Received: 2020/02/19 | Accepted: 2020/07/7 | Published: 2020/11/7
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Seradj S H, Hashemi S Z, Zomorodian K, Moein M R. Antimicrobial Effects of Some Persian Gulf Marine Sponges. Iran South Med J. 2020; 23 (5) :494-504
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1354-en.html

Volume 23, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2020) Back to browse issues page
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