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درخت کنوکارپوس گنجینه دریایی - دارویی جنوب ایران: مروری بر گیاه‌شناسی، ویژگی‌های فیتوشیمیایی و دارویی
مهرانگیز چهرازی1 ، افشین شیرکانی2، رشاد بالف3، آرزو خرادمهر3، نیلوفر راستی3، امین تمدن 4
1- گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران
2- گروه آلرژی و ایمونولوژی بالینی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
3- مرکز تحقیقات زیست فناوری دریایی‌ خلیج‌فارس، پژوهشکده علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج‌فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
4- مرکز تحقیقات زیست فناوری دریایی‌ خلیج‌فارس، پژوهشکده علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج‌فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران ، amintamaddon@yahoo.com
چکیده:   (934 مشاهده)
کنوکارپوس درختی است که دارای دو گونه گلدار لنسیفولیوس (Conocarpus lancifolius) و ارکتوس (Conocarpus erectus) می‌باشد. در ایران معمولاً به عنوان درخت چنار یا حرای سفید چوب دکمه‌ای شناخته می‌شود. این درخت بسیار با دوام است به طوری که می‌تواند در شرایطی چون دماهای بسیار بالا، زهکشی کم، خاک تحت فشار، آلودگی هوا، آب شور و غیره تاب بیاورد. در زمان گذشته از این درخت برای درمان بیماری‌های مختلفی چون دیابت، ورم ملتحمه، سوزاک، بیماری‌های عفونی و غیره استفاده می‌کرده‌اند. پژوهش‌های اخیر ویژگی‌های ضددیابتی، ضدسرطانی، ضدمیکروبی و آنتی‌اکسیدانی بخش‌های مختلف کنوکارپوس شامل برگ، پوسته، شاخه و میوه را در مدل‌های آزمایشگاهی و حیوانی نشان داده‌اند. علاوه بر آن کنوکارپوس یک پالایشگر طبیعی است به طوری که می‌توان از آن برای حذف آلاینده‌های فلزات سنگین و سموم از آب، خاک و هوا استفاده کرد. به عنوان پایشگر زیستی می‌توان میزان آلاینده‌ها را در بخش‌های مختلف درخت کنوکارپوس به صورت کمی و کیفی بررسی کرد. تاکنون هیچ پژوهش علمی نتوانسته است آلرژن بودن گرده این درخت و یا ایجاد حساسیت توسط کنوکارپوس را نشان دهد. در این مقاله مروری با بررسی گیاه‌شناسی درخت کنوکارپوس، خاصیت‌های فیتوشیمیایی و دارویی این درخت ارزشمند جنوب ایران بررسی شده است.
واژه‌های کلیدی: کنوکارپوس، فیتوشیمی، گیاهان دارویی، ضدسرطان، ترکیبات ضددیابت
متن کامل [PDF 456 kb]   (456 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: مروری | موضوع مقاله: داروشناسی
دریافت: 1399/10/7 | پذیرش: 1399/11/28 | انتشار: 1400/3/5
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Chehrazi M, Shirakani A, Balef R, Khoradmehr A, Rasti N, Tamadon A. Conocarpus Tree the Marine-Medicinal Treasure of Southern Iran: A Review of Botani-cal, Phytochemical and Medicinal Properties. Iran South Med J. 2021; 24 (2) :111-125
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1439-fa.html

چهرازی مهرانگیز، شیرکانی افشین، بالف رشاد، خرادمهر آرزو، راستی نیلوفر، تمدن امین. درخت کنوکارپوس گنجینه دریایی - دارویی جنوب ایران: مروری بر گیاه‌شناسی، ویژگی‌های فیتوشیمیایی و دارویی. طب جنوب. 1400; 24 (2) :125-111

URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1439-fa.html



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