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Iran South Med J 2019, 22 - Supplement 1: 0-0 Back to browse issues page
The Study of Alzadegi
Mino Salimi
Institute of Anthropology, Cultural Heritage and Tourism Research Institute, Tehran, Iran , salimiminoo@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2070 Views)
Background: One of the dangers that threatened mother and baby was a mythical creature called Al. Al has always been a panic for parturient women, and in many parts of Iran, there is still a fear that Al by stealing puerpera’s liver or changing the baby or doing other things can somehow harm both of them. The purpose of this research is to identify Al and alzadegi and study the different ways of coping with it in different regions of Iran.
Materials and Methods: The data of the present research is the result of anthropological researches based on fieldwork (in-depth interview and observation technique) and documentary based and library research methods. To collect these data, all of the field study, documentary based and library research methods have been used. Interviews with the elderly in different and numerous regions as native informed individuals have been one of these methods.
Results: Al-assault treatment was being started from the very first moments of childbirth. As dystocia
considered one of the possible effects of Al's damage, there are ways to hide the placenta and methods to prevent Al presence in the culture of most regions of Iran. The effort to prevent puerpera from staying alone in the early days after childbirth is consistent with the current recommendations for the recognition and treatment of postpartum depression. In culture of most regions of Iran, Al has been identified in different types and genus (kinds). For the disposal of Al, in addition to the use of materials such as gunpowder and onions, keeping metal tools (preferably iron) such as skewer, Needle (or bodkin), horseshoe, dagger, knife or even a sword in puerpera dress or near her is advised. "Fencing", drawing a line around the puerpera and the baby and benefiting from healing techniques, such as reading parts of the Qur'an were found as the most common methods of fighting with Al.
Conclusion: In all cultures, Al is a legendary creature that damages puerpera and the baby. Folks still believe in this folktale in some regions, and it contributes to the formation of an important part of customs associated with human birth. People do things to treat alzadegi, which is closely related to their beliefs and the way they deal with nature and the dangers they confront; but obviously, by recognizing and treating alzadegi in different regions, common and different cultural characteristics in dealing with the harms that threatens human life can be achieved.
 
Keywords: Al, alzadegi, birth, puerperae, Folk medicine
Full-Text [PDF 463 kb]   (279 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2019/05/7 | Accepted: 2019/05/7 | Published: 2019/05/7
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Salimi M. The Study of Alzadegi. Iran South Med J. 2019; 22
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1058-en.html


Volume 22 - Supplement 1 Back to browse issues page
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