:: Volume 16, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2013) ::
Iran South Med J 2013, 16(1): 77-79 Back to browse issues page
Book Review: Guide to Health Impact Assessment (HIA) in petroleum industry
Iraj Nabipour
The Persian Gulf Marine-Medicine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN , inabipour@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6436 Views)

Rapid growing industry in combination with physical, social and environmental life has raised concerns about social and environmental consequences of different industries. Therfore, Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) are included in health projects, policies and programs. HIA has been implemented in industrial projects since 1990. Several countries incuding European countries, Canada, Nezealand, USA had great developments regarding HIA in their industries. Moreover, World Health Organization has played an important role in developing HIA policy in industries. Different processes and procedures are applied for HIA but there are common points. Some of these points are as follows: -Focusing on community policies and health consequences throughout the public -Structurized format based on a health model Different HIA’s with different standards could be developed considering their common elements. It must be noted that HIA is not a part of EIA. EIA’s nature, procedures and methodology is different from HIA. However, as EIA focuses in some parts on public health, HIA could be included in EIA partially. Furhurmore, Local community around the industry is considered as HIA target point. So HIA’s essentials are considered to be beyond industrial medicine. Knowledge based economy requirements for successful technology and economy in petroleum industry are consisted of healthy workforce and community. These requirements are going to become a belief in petroleum industry because health issues guarantee economical and social developments in future. The book Reviews HIA in petroleum industry, health consequences of this industry on workforce and community. It takes the reader through a structural format towards multiple steps of HIA and enables him to have an integrated view. Establishment, development and implementation of such processes in petroleum industry will ensure economical and also health future of the workforce and public.

Keywords: None
Full-Text [PDF 71 kb]   (1334 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2012/12/31 | Accepted: 2012/12/31 | Published: 2012/12/31

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Volume 16, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2013) Back to browse issues page