:: Volume 17, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2014) ::
Iran South Med J 2014, 17(1): 99-106 Back to browse issues page
Ramadan fasting, pregnancy and lactation
Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo, Zhaleh Shadman1, Bagher Larijani
1- , zhaleh_shadman@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6489 Views)

Background: Fasting and malnutrition during pregnancy is associated with deleterious consequences such as hypoglycemia, ketonemia, impaired fetal IQ, low birth weight and even abortion. Comparison of pregnancy length and year duration shows that about 75% of pregnancies coincided with Ramadan. Also, fasting during Ramadan is not equivalent to hunger and malnutrition, however, knowledge of the effects of Ramadan fasting on pregnancy outcome is important. In this review, the results of all studies related to the possible effects of Ramadan fasting in pregnancy and lactation have been collected. Material and Methods: Keywords such as "Ramadan", "Ramadan Fasting", "Islamic Fasting", "Fasting in Ramadan "and Fasting with words Pregnancy, Birth Weight, Lactation, Preterm, Milk Composition, Breast Milk were searched in PubMed Database, SID (Scientific Information Database), and some regional journals and 40 related articles (descriptive cross - sectional, cohort, clinical trial and review articles) from 1968 to 2010 were studied. Results: Based on available information, if the maternal nutrition during Ramadan is good, the normal process of pregnancy will be maintained and Ramadan fasting would not have deleterious effects on fetal physical and mental growth. Conclusion: Considering nutritional tips, nursing mothers could also fast during Ramadan.

Keywords: fasting, Ramadan, pregnancy, lactation
Full-Text [PDF 240 kb]   (2462 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2011/07/22 | Accepted: 2012/01/17 | Published: 2014/02/2

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