Volume 21, Issue 2 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2018)                   Iran South Med J 2018, 21(2): 162-185 | Back to browse issues page

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Keshmiri S, Pordel S, Raeesi A, Nabipour I, Darabi H, Jamali S, et al . Environmental Pollution Caused by Gas and Petrochemical Industries and Its Effects on the Health of Residents of Assaluyeh Region, Irani-an Energy Capital: A Review Study. Iran South Med J 2018; 21 (2) :162-185
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-925-en.html
1- The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Immunology and Allergy, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
3- Osteoporosis Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Environmental Health Engineering, Environment Department, Faculty of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
5- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
6- Deputy of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
7- Department of Environment, The Persian Gulf Institute, The Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran
8- Department of Immunology and Allergy, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , sh.farokhi@bpums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10154 Views)
Gas and petrochemical industries in Assaluyeh produce various types of pollutants such as PM2.5, PM10, O3, NOx, SOx, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), sulfide hydrogen (H2S), heavy metals and hazardous air pollutants (HAP) including nickel, chromium, cadmium and selenium, benzene, hexane, toluene, xylene, propylene and naphthalene, which have irreparable effects on ecosystem, environment and human health. Several studies have reported the presence of hazardous pollutants such as heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal sediments in the South Pars region.  Studies on marine aquatic organisms such as bivalves showed high and toxic concentrations of heavy metals (cadmium, lead, arsenic, sternium, tin, silver, antimony, and molybdenum). Moreover, several studies have shown extremely high concentrations of heavy metals in the trees of Assaluyeh region compared to non-polluted areas. Some studies have reported that pollen allergenicity has increased dramatically due to changes in protein profiles and the biological structure of tree pollens caused by pollutants in the gas and petrochemical industries in Assaluyeh. In addition, studies conducted in residents of Assaluyeh showed that urinary levels of heavy metals such as arsenic, vanadium, manganese and nickel are significantly higher than those in the controls. The prevalence of asthma, nasal allergy and eczema is also higher in Assaluyeh region than that in other cities of Iran.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: General
Received: 2018/03/13 | Accepted: 2018/05/4 | Published: 2018/07/11

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