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:: دوره 21، شماره 2 - ( دوماهنامه طب جنوب 1397 ) ::
جلد 21 شماره 2 صفحات 162-185 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
بررسی آلودگی‌های زیست محیطی ناشی از صنایع گاز و پتروشیمی و اثرات آن بر سلامت ساکنین منطقه عسلویه، پایتخت انرژی ایران: یک مطالعه مروری
سعید کشمیری1 ، صفورا پردل2، علیرضا رئیسی1، ایرج نبی‌پور1، حسین دارابی1، سعیده جمالی2، سینا دوبرادران1، غلامرضا حیدری1، افشین استوار3، بهمن رماوندی4، رحیم طهماسبی5، مریم مرزبان5، عبدالمحمد خواجه‌ئیان6، علی‌محمد صنعتی7، شکراله فرخی 8
1- مرکز تحقیقات زیست فناوری دریایی خلیج‌فارس، پژوهشکده علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج‌فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
2- گروه ایمونولوژی و آلرژی، مرکز تحقیقات طب گرمسیری و عفونی خلیج‌فارس، پژوهشکده‌ علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج‌فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
3- مرکز تحقیقات استئوپوروز، پژوهشکده علوم بالینی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران
4- گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
5- گروه آمار زیستی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
6- معاونت بهداشتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران
7- گروه محیط زیست، پژوهشکده خلیج فارس، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، بوشهر، ایران
8- گروه ایمونولوژی و آلرژی، مرکز تحقیقات طب گرمسیری و عفونی خلیج‌فارس، پژوهشکده‌ علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج‌فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران ، sh.farokhi@bpums.ac.ir
چکیده:   (5054 مشاهده)
صنایع گاز و پتروشیمی مستقر در عسلویه علیرغم رونق اقتصادی برای کشور، اثرات بهداشتی و زیست محیطی برای مردم منطقه ایجاد نموده است. هدف این مطالعه، جمع‌بندی و مرور مطالعاتی است که تاکنون در خصوص اثرات صنایع مذکور در منطقه صورت گرفته است. مطالعات نشان داد که صنایع گاز و پتروشیمی در منطقه عسلویه انواع مختلفی از آلاینده‌ها شامل ذرات معلق (PM10، PM 2.5)، فلزات سنگین و آلاینده‌های خطرناک در هوا مانند هیدروکربن‌های آروماتیک چند حلقه‌ای، بنزن، هگزان، تولوئن، گزیلن و پروپیلن، نیکل، سرب و کادمیوم را به محیط انتشار می‌دهند که اثرات سوء جبران‌ناپذیری بر سلامت انسان و اکوسیستم دارند. حضور آلاینده‌های خطرناکی نظیر فلزات سنگین و هیدروکربن‌های آروماتیک چند حلقه‌ای در رسوبات ساحلی منطقه پارس جنوبی در مطالعات متعددی ردیابی شده است. همچنین مطالعات انجام شده بر روی آبزیان دریایی نظیر صدف‌ها حاکی از غلظت‌های بسیار بالا و سمی فلزات سنگین کادمیوم، سرب، آرسینیک، استرنسیوم، قلع، نقره، آنتیموان، و مولیبیدن بوده است. بررسی‌های متعدد دیگری ثابت کرده‌اند سطح بسیار بالای غلظت فلزات سنگین در درختان منطقه عسلویه در مقایسه با مناطق غیرآلوده وجود دارد. جالب‌تر اینکه مطالعات گزارش کرده‌اند به‌علت تغییرات پروفایل پروتئینی و ساختار زیست شناختی گرده درختان ناشی از آلودگی‌های صنعت گاز و پتروشیمی در منطقه عسلویه، حساسیت زایی گرده درختان در مقایسه با مناطق غیرآلوده به شدت افزایش یافته است. به‌علاوه مطالعات انجام شده بر روی ساکنین منطقه عسلویه نشان داد سطح ادراری فلزات سنگین آرسینیک، وانادیوم، منگنز و نیکل افزایش قابل ملاحظه‌ای دارد. همچنین شیوع بیماری‌های آسم، آلرژی بینی و اگزما نیز در منطقه عسلویه نسبت به سایر شهرهای ایران شیوع بالاتری دارد. بطور کلی، این مطالعه تأکید می‌کند که پایش‌های سازمان‌های متولی سلامت مردم و محیط زیست جهت حفظ و ارتقاء کیفیت زندگی و کاهش بار بیماری‌ها و همچنین تهیه راهکاری مدون برای پیشگیری از آلودگی تشدید گردد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: صنایع گاز و پتروشیمی، عسلویه، آلودگی‌های زیست محیطی، سلامت
متن کامل [PDF 1290 kb]   (9527 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: مروری | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1396/12/22 | پذیرش: 1397/2/14 | انتشار: 1397/4/20
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Keshmiri S, Pordel S, Raeesi A, Nabipour I, Darabi H, Jamali S, et al . Environmental Pollution Caused by Gas and Petrochemical Industries and Its Effects on the Health of Residents of Assaluyeh Region, Irani-an Energy Capital: A Review Study. Iran South Med J. 2018; 21 (2) :162-185
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-925-fa.html

کشمیری سعید، پردل صفورا، رئیسی علیرضا، نبی‌پور ایرج، دارابی حسین، جمالی سعیده، و همکاران. و همکاران. و همکاران. و همکاران.. بررسی آلودگی‌های زیست محیطی ناشی از صنایع گاز و پتروشیمی و اثرات آن بر سلامت ساکنین منطقه عسلویه، پایتخت انرژی ایران: یک مطالعه مروری. طب جنوب. 1397; 21 (2) :162-185

URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-925-fa.html



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