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:: Volume 16, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2013) ::
Iran South Med J 2013, 16(3): 241-249 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of oral and dental health of 6-12 year-old students in Kermanshah city
Mohammad Reza Nokhostin, Akram Siahkamari1, Alireza Akbarzadeh Bagheban
1- , asiahkamari@kums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10774 Views)

Background: Oral and dental health are among the most important aspects of individual health. Thus, it is necessary to determine community’s oral health status. Various epidemiological studies are required at different levels to assess the efficacy of preventive, oral and dental health control programs in a society. Complications such as nutritional adverse effects, periodontal diseases and adverse psychological effects of dental caries and etc. could be prevented by in-time diagnosis and treatment. This study aimed to assess DMF, dmf index and periodontal status in 6-12 year-old students in Kermanshah City in 2009. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Data were collected through interview and dental clinical examination using disposable dental explorer, dental mirror, periodontal probe, a flash light and a marker. Data were entered into a questionnaire containing demographic characteristics and oral and dental health status of subjects (WHO oral health assessments form). A total of 1050 students aged 6 to 12 years were evaluated for their oral health status in Kermanshah City. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 14 software. T-test and chi square test were also used for analysis. Results: A total of 50% of boys and 52% of girls were susceptible to dent facial problems due to caries, extraction, premature loss of deciduous teeth, and congenital or acquired maxillofacial problems following conditions like mouth breathing due to adenoid and etc. Overall, 18.3% of 6 year old students were caries free. Among middle school students, DMFT was 1.65±1.82 and 3.88±2.72 among female and male 12 year old students, respectively. In general, 19.8% of elementary and 16.8% of 12 year old students had clinically healthy gingiva 21.6% of 6 to 12 year old students did not brush their teeth. A significant correlation was found between the frequency of tooth brushing per day and mean dmft, mean DMFT and gingival health (P<0.05). Also, a significant association was detected between frequency of tooth brushing per day by the students and frequency of brushing by their parents. Such correlation was also observed between the frequency of brushing by the mother and father (P<0.05). Conclusion: Prevalence of dental caries among 6 to 12 year-old Kermanshah students was higher than the WHO standards. In order to improve the current situation, a proper programming seems necessary. Furthermore, more attention must be paid to the education of families about dental and oral health and preventive dentistry. This education can be implemented through the media, health care centers and health supervisors in schools.

Keywords: oral and dental health, students, DMFT index, dental caries, prevention
Full-Text [PDF 407 kb]   (4903 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2012/09/15 | Accepted: 2013/01/31 | Published: 2013/07/16
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Nokhostin M R, Siahkamari A, Akbarzadeh Bagheban A. Evaluation of oral and dental health of 6-12 year-old students in Kermanshah city . Iran South Med J. 2013; 16 (3) :241-249
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-448-en.html

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Volume 16, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2013) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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