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:: Volume 19, Issue 4 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) ::
Iran South Med J 2016, 19(4): 571-585 Back to browse issues page
The study of contamination of discharged runoff from surface water disposal channels of Bushehr city in 2012-2013
Vaheid Noroozi-Karbasdehi1, Masoomeh Ravanipour2, Marjan Mohebbi1, Seyedh Roqiyeh Mirahmadi1, Rahim Tahmasebi3, Daruish Ranjbar-Vakilabady1, Maryam Aboodzadeh1
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , m.ravanipour@bpums.ac.ir
3- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (5532 Views)

Background: In coastal cities, wastewater discharge into the sea is one of the options for sewage disposal that in case of non-compliance with health standards  in wastewater disposal will be led to the spread of infection and disease. On the other hand, water resources preservation and using them efficiently are the principles of sustainable development of each country. This study was aimed to investigate the contamination of discharged runoff from the surface water disposal channels of Bushehr city in 2012 - 13.

Materials and Methods: In this study, Sampling was conducted by composite sampling method from output of the five main surface water disposal channels leading to the Persian Gulf located in the coastal region of Bushehr city during two seasons including wet (winter) and dry (summer) in 2012- 13. Then, experimental tests of BOD5, total coliform and fecal coliform were done on any of the 96 samples according to the standard method.

Results: Analysis of the data showed that the BOD5, total coliform and fecal coliform of effluent runoff of the channels were more than the national standard output of disposal wastewaters into the surface waters, and the highest and lowest amount of BOD5 which obtained were 160 mg/L and 28 mg/L, respectively.

Conclusion: considering the fact that discharged runoff from surface water disposal channels link from shoreline to sea in close distance and they often are as natural swimming sites and even fishing sites of Bushehr city, and also according to high level of organic and bacterial load of these channels, it is urgently required to be considered by the authorities.

Keywords: Sea pollution, Bushehr, Surface water channel, Water resource management
Full-Text [PDF 700 kb]   (2193 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2015/06/7 | Accepted: 2015/10/17 | Published: 2016/09/7
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Noroozi-Karbasdehi V, Ravanipour M, Mohebbi M, Mirahmadi S R, Tahmasebi R, Ranjbar-Vakilabady D et al . The study of contamination of discharged runoff from surface water disposal channels of Bushehr city in 2012-2013. Iran South Med J. 2016; 19 (4) :571-585
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