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:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2009) ::
Iran South Med J 2009, 11(2): 116-122 Back to browse issues page
Effects of magnesium on erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransport and some of plasma biochemical parameters in rabbit
Samad Akbarzadeh Mr 1, Mohsen Aani Mr, Ali asghar Moshtaghi Mr, Ali Movahed Mr, Alireza Shahnoosh Forushani Mr
1- , smdakbarzadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (13796 Views)
Background: Magnesium acts as an essential cofactor for the activity of many enzymes. It regulates the work of cardiovascular system. The activity of sodium–lithium countertransport (SLC) and the concentrations of plasma biochemical parameters such as VLDL, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine are changed in cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of magnesium on SLC activity and some of the plasma biochemical parameters. Methods: New Zealand white rabbits (weighed 1350 ± 50g) were chosen for these experiments. This study was conducted through two in vitro and in vivo techniques. Through in vitro method, the effects of different concentrations of magnesium on SLC activity were investigated. In order to conduct in vivo method, the rabbits were divided into two groups (5 /group). One group was treated by MgSo4 (40 mg/kg body weight) through peritoneum for two weeks. For the second group, deionized water was used. The activity of SLC and mentioned biochemical parameters were determined. Results: The results of both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that magnesium can significantly decrease the SLC activity and also causes an increase in Km and decreased Vmax/Km of the system and plasma concentrations of VLDL, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly decreased. Conclusion: Magnesium may cause a reduction in blood pressure through decreasing the SLC activity and affecting the concentrations of VLDL, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides and so improvement the cardiovascular diseases.
Keywords: magnesium, cardiovascular diseases, sodium-lithium countertransport, cholesterol
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2009/05/17 | Accepted: 2009/05/17 | Published: 2009/05/17
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Akbarzadeh S, Aani M, Moshtaghi A A, Movahed A, Shahnoosh Forushani A. Effects of magnesium on erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransport and some of plasma biochemical parameters in rabbit. Iran South Med J. 2009; 11 (2) :116-122
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-146-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 2 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2009) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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