:: Volume 12, Issue 2 (Iranian South Medical of Journal 2009) ::
Iran South Med J 2009, 12(2): 157-167 Back to browse issues page
Applications of Depleted Uranium in the first and second Persian Gulf Wars: a review article
Abdolhamid Behrouzi Mr, Firouzeh Farashbandi Ms 1
1- , Firoozehz@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (15438 Views)
Background: Depleted uranium (DU) is a byproduct of natural uranium enrichment process. Its unique characteristics (e.g. high density) caused to use in civilian and military fields extensively. In the military fields, DU is used in the bullets and projectiles war hats. The munitions containing DU were used in the recent wars, more strikingly in the Middle East region (first and second Persian Gulf wars, and Afghanistan). Due to its biological impacts, this study aimed to assess biological effects of DU using scientometrics by investigating papers indexed in Pubmed from 1990-2008, to reveal the number and type of articles and also the important dimensions of DU biological impacts as well as the core issues. Methods: In this descriptive epidemiologic study, quantitative methods (counting frequency of words) and scientometrics were used. Sample size was the total of the articles indexed in Pubmed during 1991- 2008, containing the terms "Gulf War" and "Depleted Uranium" in their title or keywords. Results: The most compromised body systems were urinary, nervous and cardiovascular. Other systems such as endocrine, musculoskeletal, immune and respiratory were also mentioned. Conclusion: Highly controversial results which have been stated in the surveyed articles about DU biological and environmental impacts caused the authors to recommend long term investigations for assessing its effects on recurrence to reveal potential late effects of DU.
Keywords: first Persian Gulf War, second Persian Gulf War, Depleted Uranium (DU), biological effects
Full-Text [PDF 229 kb]   (1502 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2009/09/9 | Accepted: 2009/11/5 | Published: 2009/12/12

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Volume 12, Issue 2 (Iranian South Medical of Journal 2009) Back to browse issues page