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:: Volume 9, Issue 2 (Iranian south medical of journals 2007) ::
Iran South Med J 2007, 9(2): 161-167 Back to browse issues page
Echocardiographic findings in children and adolescents with heart murmurs
Amer Yazdanparast Mr
, yazdanparast@bpums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (17617 Views)
Background: Heart disease in infants and children may often lead to rapid decompensation. Therefore, early diagnosis is essential because modern medicine and surgery can cure many heart defects. A cardiac murmur can be the first sign of a serious structural cardiac disease. Abnormal auscultatory findings, usually murmurs, are the most common reason for referral to the pediatric cardiologist. Methods: In a case series study, children and adolescents with heart murmurs, referred to or admitted at Fatemeh Zahra (S) Hospital of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, were evaluated between 2001 and 2006. The age range of participants was from birth to 18 years old. Chest x-ray, ECG, and echocardiography were done for them in addition to history taking and physical examination. Results: A total of 715 (56.2% male and 43.8% female) children and adolescents were included in our study (33.6% adolescents, 27.4% neonates, 22.7% infants and 16.3% children). A total of 59% of the cases had structural heart defects (organic), 27.3% had functional murmurs, and 13.7 % had acquired diseases. The most prevalent malformations were ventricular septal defects (26.2%), tetrology of Fallot (9.1%), and patent ductus arteriosus (8.7%) 23.3% of participants had growth retardation. Conclusion: Heart murmur may be the first sign of an underlying heart disease, and timely referral of children with a murmur for echocardiography is essential for diagnosis.
Keywords: congenital heart disease, cyanoses, ventricular septal defect, murmur
Full-Text [PDF 182 kb]   (3739 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2009/01/13 | Accepted: 2009/01/13 | Published: 2009/01/13
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Yazdanparast A. Echocardiographic findings in children and adolescents with heart murmurs. Iran South Med J. 2007; 9 (2) :161-167
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-34-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 2 (Iranian south medical of journals 2007) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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