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:: Volume 17, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2014) ::
Iran South Med J 2014, 17(5): 916-926 Back to browse issues page
The frequency of Staphylococcus aureus among Shiraz hospital personnel and determination of their antibiotic sensitivity pattern
Sareh Saadat1, Kavoos Solhjoo 2, Mohammad Javad Norouz-nejadfard3, Akbar Kazemi4, Reihane Rouhi4, Jalal Mardaneh5
1- Islamic Azad University, Jahrom Branch, Jahrom, IRAN
Young Researchers and Elite club, Central Jahrom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, IRAN
2- Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, IRAN , solhjouk@yahoo.com
3- Department of Microbiology, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom Branch, Jahrom, IRAN
4- Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, IRAN
5- Professor Alborzi Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IRAN
Abstract:   (3283 Views)

Background: Improper use of antibiotics in the past decades has lead to appearance of strains which are resistant to methicillin and vancomycin . Hospital personnel are the major source of infection and transmission of this bacterium. The aim this study was to determine the antibiotic susceptibility of to S.aureus isolated from personnel of Shiraz hospitals. Material and Methods: In this cross - sectional study in 1391,a total of 591 samples were collected from anterior nose of health care and health service workers of Shiraz hospitals. After identification of Staphylococcus aureus by biochemical and microbiological tests, antibiotic resistance patterns of isolates were investigated by disk diffusion method (CLSI) for 13 antibiotics. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for vancomycin ,ticoplanin, linezolid and Quinupristin-Dalfopristin were assayed by E-test method (Liofilechem, Itly). Results: In this study14.6% of people were carriers of Staphylococcus aureus in their nose. 74% were health care workers and 26% were health service personnel. There was not statistically significant relation between being a nasal carrier with different jobs, wards or sex of personnel (p>0.05). The lowest resistance was seen for vancomycin, tiecoplanin, linezolid and Quinupristin-Dalfopristin (95.3%) and the high resistant antibiotic were amoxicillin and ampicillin (3.5%). In E-test method only two isolate was resistant to vancomycin. Only two strains were resistant to vancomycin in E-test method. Conclusion: As 14.6% of personnel in this study were carriers of Staphylococcus aureus and the isolates were resistant to most common antibiotics, thus determination of antibiotic resistance patterns for these resistant strains from hospital personnel can prevent nosocomial infections.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, hospital personnel, antibiotic resistance, carrier.
Full-Text [PDF 608 kb]   (1725 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2014/10/15 | Accepted: 2014/10/15 | Published: 2014/10/15
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Saadat S, Solhjoo K, Norouz-nejadfard M J, Kazemi A, Rouhi R, Mardaneh J. The frequency of Staphylococcus aureus among Shiraz hospital personnel and determination of their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. Iran South Med J. 2014; 17 (5) :916-926
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-606-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2014) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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