:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (Iranian south medical of journals 2005) ::
Iran South Med J 2005, 8(1): 68-74 Back to browse issues page
The knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors in elementary school students in Bushehr Port The Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Project
Anahita Sanaei Dashty Ms 1, Seyed Reza Emami Mr, Raha Pazoki Miss, Fariba Ryahi Ms
1- , anahita_sam@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (15668 Views)

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are among the first leading causes of death in the world, whose main risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia, obesity, hypertension and smoking are somehow closely related to childhood. The process of atherosclerosis may begin developing during childhood. Methods: In order to evaluate the knowledge of elementary school students of Bushehr Port regarding heart function and risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, 1128 students educating in 3rd and 4th grades were randomly selected and assessed with a 30-item questionnaire including four sections heart anatomy, smoking, exercise and nutrition. The minimum score was considered zero, the maximum 30 and the passing score was to gain 51% of the maximum score (or 15.30 out of 30). Results: The mean of total score was 13.1 5. The mean-score of the 3rd grade students was higher than the mean of the score in the 4th grade ones (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between total mean-score of girls and boys. The mean of the anatomy section score was higher in girls and those of the three other sections were higher in boys. Only 36% of students gained the passing score and 64% of them failed to pass the examination. Conclusion: The level of knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors is low in elementary school students in Bushehr Port. We suggest preparing attractive teaching booklets regarding healthy heart, to be taught routinely in schools, beside other health issues.

Keywords: healthy heart, children, schools, cardiovascular diseases
Full-Text [PDF 152 kb]   (1543 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2009/01/14 | Accepted: 2009/01/14 | Published: 2009/01/14

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Volume 8, Issue 1 (Iranian south medical of journals 2005) Back to browse issues page