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:: Volume 18, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) ::
Iran South Med J 2015, 18(1): 147-157 Back to browse issues page
Ultrasonographic evaluation of the thyroid gland and goiter prevalence in Bushehr port as an iodine- sufficient area: 6- year prospective study in schoolchild
Farzad Morad Haseli1, Afshin Ostovar1, Narges Homayoon1, Mehdi Mahmoodpour1, Iraj Nabipour2, Hussain Darabi 3
1- The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr. Iran
3- The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , darabi53@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3279 Views)

Background: The determination of goiter prevalence in children by thyroid ultrasound is an important tool for assessing iodine deficiency disorders. The main aim of this study was to determine thyroid volume and goiter prevalence in schoolchildren of Bushehr port, based on 2007 normative values. Materials and Methods : A probability proportionate-to-size cluster sampling method was used to obtain a representative sample of 1148 school children of Bushehr port aged 7-10 years. The median and 97th percentile of thyroid volumes for age and body surface area (BSA) was measured by data of ultrasonography. The normative value of thyroid volume of the 2007 study was used as reference. Results: The 97th percentile of thyroid volume based on age or BSA in school children was higher than the international normative reference. The age-, and BSA-adjusted mean of thyroid volume was higher in both sexes than the thyroid volume of school children in the 2007 study (p<0.0001). Application of the native thyroid volume reference resulted in a goiter prevalence of 7.57%. Conclusion The thyroid volumes of schoolchildren and goiter prevalence in Bushehr port were generally high compared to the baseline data obtained 6 years ago. The environmental goiterogenic factors should be investigated in this iodine-sufficient area.

Keywords: thyroid, iodine, iodine fortification, goiter, ultrasonography
Full-Text [PDF 555 kb]   (984 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Endocrine System
Received: 2015/02/18 | Accepted: 2015/02/18 | Published: 2015/02/18
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Morad Haseli F, Ostovar A, Homayoon N, Mahmoodpour M, Nabipour I, Darabi H. Ultrasonographic evaluation of the thyroid gland and goiter prevalence in Bushehr port as an iodine- sufficient area: 6- year prospective study in schoolchild. Iran South Med J. 2015; 18 (1) :147-157
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-658-en.html


Volume 18, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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