Volume 23, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2020)                   Iran South Med J 2020, 23(3): 257-265 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zandi H, Shahsavari S, Pashaie T, Zokaei M, Bayazidi S, Khezrnezhad F. Exclusive Breastfeeding Pattern and Related Factors in Children in Sanandaj in 2018. Iran South Med J 2020; 23 (3) :257-265
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1308-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, School of Medicals, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2- Group of Epidemiology, School of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3- Group of Public Health, School of Health of Health Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4- Group of Family Department of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- Student Research Committee, School of Medicals, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , baiezeedy.sh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3113 Views)
Background: Breastfeeding has the highest efficacy in promoting health and preventing disorders and diseases. Cessation of breastfeeding, especially in the first six months after delivery (the critical time), has a profound effect on the emotional and physical health of mothers and children. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the exclusive breastfeeding pattern and its related factors in children in Sanandaj 2018.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study enrolled 400 children aged 7-24 months in Sanandaj, Iran. Data were collected with a three-part questionnaire including demographic information, factors affecting the exclusive breastfeeding and child-related factors through interviews. Data were analyzed by chi-square test in SPSS software (version 21). P value <5 was considered significant.
Results: The results showed that the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 71.5%. Significant relationships were found between exclusive breast feeding and the following variables: unwanted pregnancy, mother's perception of the adequacy of milk, baby’s hospitalization after birth, and skin-to-skin contact in the hospital, and breastfeeding within the first hour after birth. (p≤0.05)
Conclusion: Since the main reason for the reduction in exclusive breastfeeding is the fact that mother’s perception of inadequate milk and fear of baby’s hunger, breastfeeding can be promoted by designing appropriate programs for training mothers in healthcare centers in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Full-Text [PDF 614 kb]   (710 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Obstetrics
Received: 2019/06/26 | Accepted: 2020/02/23 | Published: 2020/07/27

1. Jafari F, Farahrooz H, Abyar Z, et al. The Relationship Between Duration Of Breastfeeding And Maternal Factors. J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2015; 5(2): 202-9. (Persian)
2. John JR, Mistry SK, Kebede G, et al. Determinants Of Early Initiation Of Breastfeeding In Ethiopia: A Population-Based Study Using The 2016 Demographic And Health Survey Data. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019; 19: 69. [DOI:10.1186/s12884-019-2211-0]
3. Naserpoor F, Nouhjah S, Sharifat R. The Pattern Of Exclusive Breastfeeding And Related Factors In Children Referred To Health Centers Of Omidieh City In 2010. Jentashapir J Cell Mol Biol 2011; 2(3): 118-24. (Persian)
4. Ihudiebube-Splendor CN, Okafor CB, Anarado AN, et al. Exclusive Breastfeeding Knowledge, Intention To Practice And Predictors Among Primiparous Women In Enugu South-East, Nigeria. J Pregnancy 2019; 2019(6): 1-8. [DOI:10.1155/2019/9832075]
5. Kamali Z, Rasouli B, Roodpeyma SH, et al. Assessment Of Breastfeeding And Related Factors In Three Hospitals Of Tehran, 2008. Iran J Nutr Sci Food 2013; 7(5): 125-34. (Persian)
6. Sharifirid G, Golshiri P, Shahnazi H, et al. The Impact Of Educational Program Based On BASNEF Model On Breastfeeding Behavior Of Pregnant Mothers In Arak. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2010; 13(1): 63-70. (Persian)
7. Anstey EH, Shoemaker ML, Barrera CM, et al. Breastfeeding And Breast Cancer Risk Reduction: Implications For Black Mothers. Am J Prev Med 2017; 53(3s1): S40-S6. [DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.024]
8. Alzaree FA, Abushady MM, Atti MA, et al. Effect Of Early Breast Milk Nutrition On Serum Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 In Preterm Infants. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019; 7(1): 77-81. [DOI:10.3889/oamjms.2019.035]
9. Ghotbi F. Comparison Between Breastfeeding In Employed And Unemployed Women. Res Med 2008; 32(2): 159-64. (Persian)
10. Phukan D, Ranjan M, Dwivedi LK. Impact Of Timing Of Breastfeeding Initiation On Neonatal Mortality In India. Int Breastfeed J 2018; 13: 27. [DOI:10.1186/s13006-018-0162-0]
11. Hatami A, Talebi Toti Z. Patterns of Breastfeeding in Infants. Hayat 2007; 13(2): 71-6. (Persian)
12. Gafari Asl M, Fadakar Sogheh R, Ghavi A, et al. Related Factors To Continued Breastfeeding In Infants. J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2014; 24(2): 1-8. (Persian)
13. Soltan Dallal MM, Nezamabadi Sh, Sharifiyazdi Mk, Et Al. To Determine The Frequency Of Bacillus Cereus In Powdered Milk Infant Formula Consuming In Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) In Tehran Hospitals In 2013-14. Iran South Med J 2017; 19(6): 982-88. (Persian) [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.6.982]
14. Khabbazkhoob M, Footohi A, Majdi MR, et al. Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Health Center Mashhad, 2007. Iran J Epidemiol 2008; 3(3): 45-53. (Persian)
15. Ghanbarnejad A, Abedini S, Taqipoor L. Exclusive Breastfeeding And Its Related Factors Among Infants In Bandar Abbas City, Iran. J Babol Univ Med Sci 2014; 16(1): 85-91. (Persian)
16. Yaghini Saeed O, Khameh S, Danesh F, et al. Determinants Of Exclusive Breast Milk Feeding Of Infants In Isfahan, Iran. J Isfahan Med School 2011; 28(117): 1126-39. (Persian)
17. Teka B, Assefa H, Haileslassie K. Prevalence And Determinant Factors Of Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices Among Mothers In Enderta Woreda, Tigray, North Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int Breastfeed J 2015; 10(1): 2. [DOI:10.1186/s13006-014-0028-z]
18. Ulep VG, Borja MP. Association Between Pregnancy Intention And Optimal Breastfeeding Practices In The Philippines: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2012; 12: 69. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-12-69]
19. Huang P, Ren J, Liu Y, et al. Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Adherence Among Chinese Mothers: A Multicenter Study. Medicine 2017; 96(38): e7619. [DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000007619]
20. Heydarpour S, Golboni F, Heydarpour F, et al. Factors Associated With Exclusive Breastfeeding In Kermanshah In 2007. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci 2011; 15(3): 227-30. (Persian)
21. Mehrparvar S, Varaeneen M. Investigation Of Decreasing Causes Of Exclusive Breastfeeding In Children Below Six Months Old, In Kerman City During 2008-2009. J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2011; 1(1): 45-52. (Persian)

Send email to the article author

Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian South Medical Journal

Designed & Developed by: Yektaweb