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:: Volume 23, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2020) ::
Iran South Med J 2020, 23(3): 257-265 Back to browse issues page
Exclusive Breastfeeding Pattern and Related Factors in Children in Sanandaj in 2018
Hiva Zandi1 , Sirous Shahsavari2, Tahereh Pashaie3, Mehdi Zokaei4, Sheno Bayazidi 5, Fatemeh Khezrnezhad1
1- Student Research Committee, School of Medicals, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2- Group of Epidemiology, School of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3- Group of Public Health, School of Health of Health Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4- Group of Family Department of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- Student Research Committee, School of Medicals, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , baiezeedy.sh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1168 Views)
Background: Breastfeeding has the highest efficacy in promoting health and preventing disorders and diseases. Cessation of breastfeeding, especially in the first six months after delivery (the critical time), has a profound effect on the emotional and physical health of mothers and children. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the exclusive breastfeeding pattern and its related factors in children in Sanandaj 2018.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study enrolled 400 children aged 7-24 months in Sanandaj, Iran. Data were collected with a three-part questionnaire including demographic information, factors affecting the exclusive breastfeeding and child-related factors through interviews. Data were analyzed by chi-square test in SPSS software (version 21). P value <5 was considered significant.
Results: The results showed that the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 71.5%. Significant relationships were found between exclusive breast feeding and the following variables: unwanted pregnancy, mother's perception of the adequacy of milk, baby’s hospitalization after birth, and skin-to-skin contact in the hospital, and breastfeeding within the first hour after birth. (p≤0.05)
Conclusion: Since the main reason for the reduction in exclusive breastfeeding is the fact that mother’s perception of inadequate milk and fear of baby’s hunger, breastfeeding can be promoted by designing appropriate programs for training mothers in healthcare centers in the third trimester of pregnancy.
 
Keywords: Feeding pattern, exclusive, breast milk, related factors, children
Full-Text [PDF 614 kb]   (245 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Obstetrics
Received: 2019/06/26 | Accepted: 2020/02/23 | Published: 2020/07/27
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Zandi H, Shahsavari S, Pashaie T, Zokaei M, Bayazidi S, Khezrnezhad F. Exclusive Breastfeeding Pattern and Related Factors in Children in Sanandaj in 2018. Iran South Med J. 2020; 23 (3) :257-265
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Volume 23, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2020) Back to browse issues page
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