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:: Volume 14, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical of Journal 2011) ::
Iran South Med J 2011, 14(1): 31-40 Back to browse issues page
Fauna and Monthly Activity of Sand flies in The Focus of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Bushehr District (2007-2008)
Abdolrasoul Forouzani 1, Abdolmohamamd Khajehiean, Hossein Darabi, Morad Ali Fouladvand, Iraj Nabipour, Fatemeh Bahramian
1- , rforouzani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (11362 Views)
Background: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is one of the endemic diseases in Bushehr Province, which its prevalence has increased in some districts, as well as Bushehr district recently. This is essential to access minute information about epidemiology of diseases (Parasite, Vector, Reservior), in order to achieve effective control of disease. One of the basic information in respect of controlling measures, is the knowledge and information of fauna and monthly activities of vectors which is essential, because ignoring of different biological aspects of vectors, could cause failure to control strategies. Methods: This is a descriptive- cross sectional study, carried out in four villages of Bushehr district (2007-2008) which were affected by cutaneous Leishmaniasis. Sand flies were collected by standard sticky traps, and identified by electric microscope, using reliable identification keys. Results: Sixteen species. (six Phelebotomus and ten Sergentomyia) were identified from a total of 15952 sand flies caught for this study, out of which eight species are reported for the first time in Bushehr district, namely: Phelobotomus mongolensis, P.caucasicus, P.ansari, Sergentomyia tiberiadis, S.clydei, S.antenata, S.iranica, S.palestiensis. Monthly activity of sand flies starts in mid March and ends by the end of December. The peack of sand flies monthly activities is in June, while the peack activity of P.papatasi is in the end of July. Conclusion: Considering nine months activity period of sand flies in Bushehr district, and their peack of activities, specially for P.paptasi, it is suggested that the controlling measures to be administrated in July.
Keywords: leishmaniasis, phlebetomus, sand fly, Bushehr
Full-Text [PDF 226 kb]   (1419 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2010/08/28 | Accepted: 2010/10/18 | Published: 2011/01/31
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Forouzani A, Khajehiean A, Darabi H, Fouladvand M A, Nabipour I, Bahramian F. Fauna and Monthly Activity of Sand flies in The Focus of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Bushehr District (2007-2008) . Iran South Med J. 2011; 14 (1) :31-40
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-242-en.html

Volume 14, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical of Journal 2011) Back to browse issues page
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