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:: Volume 23, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2020) ::
Iran South Med J 2020, 23(5): 442-454 Back to browse issues page
Design, Production, and Evaluation of Virosomes from H1N1 Influenza Virus
Azadeh Alishahi1 , Mohsen Zargar1 , Amir Ghaemi 2, Fatemeh Fotouhi3, Mohammad Reza Zolfaghari1
1- Department of Microbiology, School of Basic Science, Qum Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran
2- Department of Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran , a_ghaem@pasteur.ac.ir
3- Department of Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (213 Views)
Background: The last two decades witnessed the spread of the first generation of influenza viruses. Influenza virosomes are promising tools in vaccine and immunotherapy programs because of their applications in various medical fields. The aim of the present study was to construct cationic virosomes derived from
influenza virus using dialyzable detergent (DCPC) and cationic lipid (DOTAP) in vitro.
Materials and Methods: Influenza A / Puerto Rico / 34.8 (H1N1) strain was propagated in MDCK cell line. The influenza virus envelope was dissolved using DCPC as a dialyzable detergent, and finally it was removed by dialysis and the cationic virosome was synthesized through adding cationic lipid (DOTAP). Cytotoxicity and presence of HA and NA proteins were evaluated by cell viability assay (MTT assay) and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), respectively. Also, macroscopic and morphology studies of virosomes were performed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Results: The final concentration of virosomes was 1.5 mg/ml. The presence of HA and NA proteins was confirmed by SDS-PAGE. Cell survival was significantly decreased after 48 hours of treatment with
different concentrations of cationic virosomes (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The use of a detergent (DCPC) and also a cationic lipid (DOTAP) is an effective procedure for reconstruction of influenza virus envelope without any alteration in surface glycoproteins (HA, NA). The methoed used in the present study for producing influenza virosome will be a promising candidate for
developing influenza vaccines.
Keywords: Virosome, Influenza Virus, DCPC, Cationic lipid, Cell Culture
Full-Text [PDF 538 kb]   (53 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Microbiology and Immunology
Received: 2020/03/10 | Accepted: 2020/07/7 | Published: 2020/11/7
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Alishahi A, Zargar M, Ghaemi A, Fotouhi F, Zolfaghari M R. Design, Production, and Evaluation of Virosomes from H1N1 Influenza Virus. Iran South Med J. 2020; 23 (5) :442-454
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1350-en.html

Volume 23, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2020) Back to browse issues page
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