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:: Volume 24, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2021) ::
Iran South Med J 2021, 24(1): 14-26 Back to browse issues page
Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Sargassum boveanum ω3 and ω6 Fatty Acid Pro-file from Bushehr Coastlines
Sare Naeimi1 , Sedeghe Yazdan panah 2, Gholam Hossein Mohebbi3
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, Kazerun branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Kazerun branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran , yazdanpanah2004@gmail.com
3- The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (161 Views)
Background: Sargassum boveanum is a kind of brown alga with many uses in food industries, medicine, and cosmetics. Given the presence of the algae in the Bushehr coasts and its ease of breeding, we can enjoy its numerous benefits. Materials and Methods: In this study, samples of S. boveanum were collected from Shoraye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandargah districts of Bushehr province, and prepared for extraction of total fat, quantita-tive and qualitative study of acid value (AV), peroxidation value (PV), refractive index (RI) and fatty acid profile by gas chromatography equipped with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Results: AV was found 0.73, 0.73 and 0.72, and PV was found 0.75, 0.74 and 0.75 respectively in Shor-aye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandargah districts. RI was found 1412 in all the three regions. Mean amount of oil was found 12%, 14%, and 3% respectively in samples from Shoraye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandar-gah districts. Different fatty acids were identified in the samples collected from these regions: (C6), (C7), (C8), (C9), (C11), (C12), (C13), (C14), (C15), (C16), (C17), (C18:3), (C18:1), (C18:0), (C19), (C20) were identified. The mean amount of omega-6 to omega-3 were 0.30%, 0.24% and 0.15%, respectively in samples from Shoraye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandargah districts. Furthermore, the percentage of extracted protein in dry matter was 15%. Conclusion: In the three regions, the amount of saturated fatty acids was 87%-91%, unsaturated fatty acids comprised 8%-10%, and the highest amount of fatty acid pertained to arachidonic acid. The amount of omega-3 was higher than that of omega-6 in the oil of this algae. Therefore, it has high nutri-tional value, and can be used as a dietary supplement after toxicological and safety evaluations. Due to the suitable geographical climate of Bushehr province, it is recommended to cultivate the alga.
Keywords: Fatty acids, Gas chromatography, Omega 3, Omega 6, Protein, Sargassum boveanum
Full-Text [PDF 703 kb]   (67 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2017/08/30 | Accepted: 2020/11/23 | Published: 2021/02/27
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Naeimi S, Yazdan panah S, Mohebbi G H. Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Sargassum boveanum ω3 and ω6 Fatty Acid Pro-file from Bushehr Coastlines. Iran South Med J. 2021; 24 (1) :14-26
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1406-en.html


Volume 24, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2021) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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