[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 24, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2021) ::
Iran South Med J 2021, 24(1): 14-26 Back to browse issues page
Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Sargassum boveanum ω3 and ω6 Fatty Acid Pro-file from Bushehr Coastlines
Sare Naeimi1 , Sedeghe Yazdan panah 2, Gholam Hossein Mohebbi3
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, Kazerun branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Kazerun branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran , yazdanpanah2004@gmail.com
3- The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (1283 Views)
Background: Sargassum boveanum is a kind of brown alga with many uses in food industries, medicine, and cosmetics. Given the presence of the algae in the Bushehr coasts and its ease of breeding, we can enjoy its numerous benefits. Materials and Methods: In this study, samples of S. boveanum were collected from Shoraye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandargah districts of Bushehr province, and prepared for extraction of total fat, quantita-tive and qualitative study of acid value (AV), peroxidation value (PV), refractive index (RI) and fatty acid profile by gas chromatography equipped with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Results: AV was found 0.73, 0.73 and 0.72, and PV was found 0.75, 0.74 and 0.75 respectively in Shor-aye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandargah districts. RI was found 1412 in all the three regions. Mean amount of oil was found 12%, 14%, and 3% respectively in samples from Shoraye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandar-gah districts. Different fatty acids were identified in the samples collected from these regions: (C6), (C7), (C8), (C9), (C11), (C12), (C13), (C14), (C15), (C16), (C17), (C18:3), (C18:1), (C18:0), (C19), (C20) were identified. The mean amount of omega-6 to omega-3 were 0.30%, 0.24% and 0.15%, respectively in samples from Shoraye-shahr, Naftkesh and Bandargah districts. Furthermore, the percentage of extracted protein in dry matter was 15%. Conclusion: In the three regions, the amount of saturated fatty acids was 87%-91%, unsaturated fatty acids comprised 8%-10%, and the highest amount of fatty acid pertained to arachidonic acid. The amount of omega-3 was higher than that of omega-6 in the oil of this algae. Therefore, it has high nutri-tional value, and can be used as a dietary supplement after toxicological and safety evaluations. Due to the suitable geographical climate of Bushehr province, it is recommended to cultivate the alga.
Keywords: Fatty acids, Gas chromatography, Omega 3, Omega 6, Protein, Sargassum boveanum
Full-Text [PDF 703 kb]   (242 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2017/08/30 | Accepted: 2020/11/23 | Published: 2021/02/27
1. Basiri S, Shahdi F, Farhosh R, et al. Determining The Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Oil Extracted From Pomegranate Seed In Sabzevar Region. Inov Food Sci Technol 2012; 4(4): 97-107. (Persian)
2. Welch EB. Ecological Effects Of Waste Water: Applied Limnology And Pollutant Effects. 2 nd ed. United Kingdom: CRC Press, 1992, 4-25. [DOI:10.4324/9780203038499]
3. Jadavi N, Vaziri SA, Nabipour I, et al. Fat Characteristics And Fatty Acid Profile Of Sea Cucumbers (Holothuria Scabra) Obtained From The Coasts Of The Bushehr Province-Iran. Iran South Med J 2015; 18(5): 992-1006. (Persian)
4. Gorjzdadeh H, Sakhaei N, Doustshenas B, et al. Fatty Acid Composition Of Spirulina Sp., Chlorella Sp. And Chaetoceros Sp. Microalgae And Introduction As Potential New Sources To Extinct Omega 3 And Omega 6. Iran South Med J 2016; 19(2): 212-24. (Persian) [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.2.212]
5. Abka Khajouei R, Keramat J, Hamdami N. Optimization Of Sodium Alginate Extraction Conditions From An Iranian Brown Algae (Nizimuddinia Zanardini) Using Response Surface Methodology. J Manage Sys 2020; 29(4): 13-28. (Persian)
6. Nekooei M, Zahiri M, Shafiee SM. The Effects of Marine Algae on Osteoporosis. Iran South Med J 2019; 22(1): 62-76. (Persian) [DOI:10.29252/ismj.22.1.62]
7. Dunstan GA, Volkman JK, Barrett SM, et al. Changes In The Lipid Composition And Maximization Of The Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Content Of Three Microalgae Grown In Mass Culture. J Appl Phycol 1993; 5: 71-83. [DOI:10.1007/BF02182424]
8. Khotimchenko SV, Vaskovsky VE, Titlyanova TV. Fatty Acids Of Marine Algae From The Pacific Coast Of North California. Bot Mar 2002; 45(1): 17-22. [DOI:10.1515/BOT.2002.003]
9. Parsons TR, Stephens K, Strickland JDH. On The Chemical Composition Of Eleven Species Of Marine Phytoplankters. J Fish Res Board Can 1961; 18(6): 1001-16. [DOI:10.1139/f61-063]
10. Zhao Z, Zhao F, Yao J, et al. Early Development Of Germlings Of Sargassum Thunbergii (Fucales, Phaeophyta) Under Laboratory Conditions. J Appl Phycol 2008; 20: 925-31. [DOI:10.1007/s10811-008-9311-y]
11. Rafiei F, Esmaeili A, Kermanshahi H. Growth Of Sargassum Boveanum (Fucales, Phaeophyta) Under Variations Of Temperature, Photoperiod And Irradiance In Laboratory Conditions. J Marine Sci Tech Res 2012; 7(3): 28-36. (Persian)
12. Zhu M, Yu LJ, Li W, et al. Optimization Of Arachidonic Acid Production By Fed-Batch Culture Of Mortierella Alpina Based On Dynamic Analysis. Enzyme Microb Tech 2006; 38(6): 735-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.07.025]
13. Ataran Fariman G, Gangi Zehi Shastan S, Zahedi MM. Seasonal Variations Of Total Lipids, Fatty Acid Composition, Of Nizimuddinia Zanardini From The Seashore Of Chabahar. J Aqu Eco 2014; 3(4): 10-20. (Persian)
14. Garidel P, Folting B, Schaller I, et al. The Microstructure Of The Stratum Corneum Lipid Barrier; Mid-Infrared Spectroscopic Studies Of Hydrated Ceramide: Palmitic Acid: Cholesterol Moder Systems. Biophys Chem 2010; 150(1-3): 144-56. [DOI:10.1016/j.bpc.2010.03.008]
15. Assadi T, Bargahi A, Mohebbi GH, et al. Determination Of Oil And Fatty Acids Concentration In Seeds Of Coastal Halophytic Sueada Aegyptica Plant. Iran South Med J 2013; 16(1): 9-16. (Persian)
16. Alavi N, Golmakani MT, Aminlari M, et al. Improving The Oxidation Stability Of Virgin Olive Oil Using Spirulina Microalgae As A Natural Antioxidant. Iran J Nut Sci Food Tech 2016; 10(4): 63-74. (Persian)
17. Torruco-Uco J, Chel-Guerrero L, Martı'Nez-Ayala A, et al. Angiotensin-I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory And Antioxidant Activities Of Protein Hydrolysates From Phaseolus Lunatus And Phaseolus Vulgaris Seeds. LWT- Food Sci Technol 2009; 42(10): 1597-604. [DOI:10.1016/j.lwt.2009.06.006]
18. Rohani-Ghadikolaei K, Abdulalian E, Ng WK. Evaluation Of The Proximate, Fatty Acid And Mineral Composition Of Representative Green, And Red Seaweeds From The Persian Gulf Of Iran As Potential Food And Feed Resources. J Food Sci Technol 2012; 49(6): 774-80. [DOI:10.1007/s13197-010-0220-0]
19. Banamoon SA. Fatty Acids In Marine Macroalgae From Southern Yemen (Hadramout) Including Occurrence Of Eicosatetraenoic (20 : 4) And Eicosapentaenoic (20 : 5) Acids. Bot Mar 1992; 35(2): 165-8. [DOI:10.1515/botm.1992.35.2.165]
20. Muralidhar AP, Karthireddy S, Prakash C, et al. Comparative Studies Of Fatty Acid Composition Of Three Marine Macroalgae Collected From Mandapam Region: South east Coast of India. World Appl Sci J 2010; 11(8): 958-65.
21. Pereira H, Barreira L, Figueiredo F, et al. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Of Marine Macroalgae: Potential For Nutritional And Pharmaceutical Applications. Mar Drugs 2012; 10(9): 1920-35. [DOI:10.3390/md10091920]
22. Khairy HM, El-Shafay SM. Seasonal Variations In The Biochemical Composition Of Some Common Seaweed Species From The Coast Of Abu Qir Bay, Alexandria, Egypt. Oceanologia 2013; 55(2): 435-52. [DOI:10.5697/oc.55-2.435]
23. Tabarsa M, Rezaei M, Ramezanpour Z, et al. Fatty Acids, Amino Acids, Mineral Contents, And Proximate Composition Of Some Brown Seaweeds. J Phycol 2012; 48(2): 285-92. [DOI:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2012.01122.x]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Naeimi S, Yazdan panah S, Mohebbi G H. Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Sargassum boveanum ω3 and ω6 Fatty Acid Pro-file from Bushehr Coastlines. Iran South Med J. 2021; 24 (1) :14-26
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1406-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 24, Issue 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2021) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

Iranian South Medical Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read,
copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly

Copyright © 2022, Iranian South Medical Journal| All Rights Reserved

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4419