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:: Volume 17, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical journal 2014) ::
Iran South Med J 2014, 17(3): 476-486 Back to browse issues page
infectious diseases during Hajj
Azam Amini1, Afshin Ostovar2, Hossein Darabi2, Mohammad Javad HaeryNejad2, Farzaneh Yousefi2, Katayoun Vahdat 3
1- The Persian Gulf Mraine Biotecnology Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN
2- Department of Infectious diseases, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN
3- Department of Infectious diseases, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN , vahdatpg@bpums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8036 Views)

Background: Muslims participation in Mecca & Medina (Saudi Arabia) for Hajj which is the largest organized annual mass gathering in the world. In addition of Hajj, many pilgrims attend in Saudi Arabia for Umrah that is performed year-round. This great human immigration is an important challenge of health care and infection control systems. Current study reviews the most prevalent infectious diseases among pilgrims during Hajj along with their mode of transmission and control. Materials and methods: A comprehensive search was done on PubMed, Science Direct & Google Scholar databases by using Hajj, Pilgrims, Infectious Diseases & Mecca as keywords. Our search was restricted to English & Persian papers from 1994 to 2014. Results: Overall, 97 papers were found. After omitting old and repeated reports, 64 articles were reviewed finally. Conclusion: Due to scale of Hajj and prevalence of various infectious diseases such as meningococcal infections, diarrheal diseases and Influenza preventive measures and vaccination are recommended both before and during pilgrimage.Pilgrims and health care workers must be educated about health hazards and protective behaviors.

Keywords: Hajj, Infectious Diseases, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Full-Text [PDF 479 kb]   (3282 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2014/06/15 | Accepted: 2014/06/15 | Published: 2014/06/15
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Amini A, Ostovar A, Darabi H, HaeryNejad M J, Yousefi F, Vahdat K. infectious diseases during Hajj. Iran South Med J. 2014; 17 (3) :476-486
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-559-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical journal 2014) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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