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:: Volume 17, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2014) ::
Iran South Med J 2014, 17(5): 993-1006 Back to browse issues page
A review on distribution and monitoring of hormones in the environment and their removal in wastewater treatment systems
Rahele Kafaei1, Sina Dobaradaran 2
1- Student Research Committee, Bushehr University of Medical Science, Bushehr, IRAN.
2- The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN
Systems Environmental Health, Oil, Gas and Energy Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN.
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IRAN. , sina_dobaradaran@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4016 Views)

Steroid hormones of the Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC) are steroid hormones, which cause negative effects on human health, animals and ecosystems balance, have become a major concern in modern societies. In recent years numerous studies have performed on hormone distribution in the environment, especially in aquatic environments and the ways that they have been removed. Hormones entrance into the environment primarily is through wastewater, municipal wastewater treatment sludge, hospital wastewater and livestock activity. Measured values in the wastewater treatment influent, livestock lagoons, surface water and groundwater, showed different concentrations of hormones in the range of ng/L. But it is important to know even in trace concentration of ng/L, hormones can have adverse effects on environment. By biodegradation, biosorption and biotransformation, hormones will be degraded and their activities will be decreased. Wastewater treatment processes includes preliminary, primary, secondary and advanced treatment, that are the most important ways to prevent the entrance of hormonal compounds to the environment. Sludge should be cleaned by available technology before entering the environment. Wastewater processes in both liquid and sludge phase, under various operating conditions, show different range of hormones removal. In this paper authors try to discuss about the problem and different environmental aspects of hormones.

Keywords: hormone, environment, wastewater treatment, biological transformation
Full-Text [PDF 663 kb]   (1179 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2014/10/15 | Accepted: 2014/10/15 | Published: 2014/10/15
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Kafaei R, Dobaradaran S. A review on distribution and monitoring of hormones in the environment and their removal in wastewater treatment systems. Iran South Med J. 2014; 17 (5) :993-1006
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-612-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2014) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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