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:: Volume 18, Number 4 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) ::
Iran South Med J 2015, 18(4): 898-916 Back to browse issues page
Venoms and medicinal properties of cnidarians
Zahra Amini Khoei *
The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , zamini_41@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1581 Views)

Marine organisms are rich sources of bioactive compounds and their biotechnological potential attracted the attention to biologists and chemists all over the world. During the first decade of the 21st century alone, over 2000 molecules from cnidarians were described. The phylum cnidaria (corals, sea pens, sea anemones, jellyfish and hydroids) includes over 10,000 species living in aquatic habitats. Cnidarians are the oldest venomous animals. In this phylum, most toxicological studies have been done in Anthozoa. The Soft corals Alcyonacea and Gorgonacea orders of Anthozoa represent by far the highest number of species yielding promising compounds. Up to now, numerous chemical components have been isolated from cnidarians, including steroids, diterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids have been shown to exhibit biological properties such as antimicrobial, antitumor activities and cytotoxicity. In this review, we summarize some studies that focus on some of the most promising marine bioactive isolated from cindirians in last decade.

Keywords: Marine organisms, Cnidarians, Venomous animals, Antitumor activities
Full-Text [PDF 518 kb]   (583 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin
Received: 2015/09/12 | Accepted: 2015/09/12 | Published: 2015/09/12
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PMCID: 27736074


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Amini Khoei Z. Venoms and medicinal properties of cnidarians. Iran South Med J. 2015; 18 (4) :898-916
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-725-en.html
Volume 18, Number 4 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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