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:: Volume 19, Number 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) ::
Iran South Med J 2016, 19(3): 398-410 Back to browse issues page
Effect of evidence-based Medical Education on knowledge and ability to use and apply it among clinical students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences: a controlled trial
Kamran Mirzaei1, soraya Zahmatkesh *2, Mitra Amini3
1- Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences,Bushehr, Iran
2- Family Health and Population Unit, Vice-Chancellery for health Affairs, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran , soraya.zahmatkesh@gmail.com
3- Education and Development Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (1300 Views)

Background: Evidence Based Medicine is the ability of physicians to use and integrate the best clinical evidence based in accordance with patient's condition, that this evidence have obtained from reliable clinical trials and without bias. In recent years To improve the clinical care quality provided to patients, physicians clinical experience have been combined with research evidence of similar clinical case. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of short-term implementation of evidence-based medical education on knowledge and ability to apply it among clinical students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences.

Materials & Methods: this study was a pre and post control quasi-experimental study which was performed on two groups of clinical medicine (senior students studying in the academic year 2012-13) in Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. The students were selected by census method. At the beginning of course, in the intervention group, after providing a description of the operational objectives, students trained four sessions for four hours and carried out by professor’s guidance 5 standard step implementation of evidence-based medicine included question, search, critical evaluation of evidence, implementation and evaluation respectively. The knowledge and ability of students were evaluated by using valid and reliable questionnaire, pre-test and post-test (the intervention group within three months of training) about the use of evidence-based medicine in  intervention group (26 students) and control group (23 students).

Results: The results showed that increasing the students' familiarity with the terminology and sources used in evidence-based medicine (p=0.000). Also this study showed the increasing of students’ knowledge level from evidence-based medicine implementation process and also the ability of them in implementation and application of evidence-based medicine after intervention (p=0.000 & p=0.000, respectively)

Conclusion: It seems that there are the need for training of medical students in clinical courses about epidemiology of concepts and terms used in discussing evidence-based medicine toward epidemiological concepts and terms which used in the discussion of evidence-based medicine in order to enhance their ability in critical analysis of studied articles with the aim of increasing the ability of them in making appropriate and correct clinical decisions especially in the form of workshops and practical training.

Keywords: Medical Education, Evidence based medicine, Clinical education, Student
Full-Text [PDF 550 kb]   (737 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2016/07/17 | Accepted: 2016/07/17 | Published: 2016/07/17


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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.3.398


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Mirzaei K, Zahmatkesh S, Amini M. Effect of evidence-based Medical Education on knowledge and ability to use and apply it among clinical students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences: a controlled trial. Iran South Med J. 2016; 19 (3) :398-410
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-803-en.html
Volume 19, Number 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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