[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 19, Number 4 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) ::
Iran South Med J 2016, 19(4): 559-570 Back to browse issues page
Predictive Role of Personality Traits with Mediation of Affective Control in relationship with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) among the Students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences (2013-2014)
Alireza Raesi1, Faramarz Kashkoli *2
1- Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , Frikashkoli@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2006 Views)

Background: The main objective of this study is the Predictive role of personality traits with mediation of affective control in conjunction with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (ABS) among the students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences (2013-2014)

Materials and Methods: This research is co relational studies with sample size of 384 (252 females and 132 males) who were selected by stratified random sampling method among the students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. In this study, NEO questionnaire by McCrae and Costa (1989), affective control scale by Williams Chambless (1997) and IBS scale by researchers (1992) was used. For analyzing the data, structural equation modeling with AMOS statistical software program were applied.  

Results: The study results showed that extroversion variables (p>0.015), agreeableness (P>0.0001), Neurotic (P>0.0001) has significant effect on affective control, and variable of affective control (P>0.01) has significant effect on Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). In this research it is found that extraversion
(-0.14), agreeableness (-0.07), and Neurotic (0.13) has indirectly significant effect on IBS, while among five personality traits only Neurotic (0.12) has significant effect on IBS.

Conclusion: Based on the obtained results of this study it can be expressed that among the personality traits only Neurotic has significant effect on IBS either with the mediation of personality traits or without mediation of this variable. Also personality traits of extroversion and agreeableness were able to affect the IBS patients with the mediation of affective control (indirectly).In contrast other personality traits under this study had no effect on Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Keywords: personality traits, Affective control, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Full-Text [PDF 690 kb]   (458 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2016/09/7 | Accepted: 2016/09/7 | Published: 2016/09/7
References
1. Longstreth GF, Thompson WG, Chey WD, et al. Functional bowel disorders. Gastroenterology 2006; 130(5): 1480-91. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
2. Connell A, Hilton C, Irvine G, et al. Variation of bowel habit in two population samples. BMJ 1965; 2(5470): 1095-9. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
3. Saito YA, Schoenfeld P, Locke GR. The epidemiology of irritable bowel syndrome in North America: a systematic review. Am J Gastroenterol 2002; 97(8): 1910-5. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
4. Swarbrick E, Bat L, Hegarty J, et al. Site of pain from the irritable bowel. The Lancet 1980; 316(8192): 443-6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
5. Solhpour A, Pourhoseingholi MA, Soltani F, et al. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and irritable bowel syndrome: a significant association in an Iranian population. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2008; 20(8): 719-25. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
6. Masand PS, Keuthen NJ, Gupta S, et al. Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome in obsessive-compulsive disorder. CNS Spectr 2006; 11(1): 21-5. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
7. Piche T, Saint-Paul MC, Dainese R, et al. Mast cells and cellularity of the colonic mucosa correlated with fatigue and depression in irritable bowel syndrome. Gut 2008; 57(4): 468-73. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
8. Dunlop SP, Jenkins D, Spiller RC. Distinctive clinical, psychological, and histological features of postinfective irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol 2003; 98(7): 1578-83. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
9. Lackner JM, Gurtman MB. Patterns of interpersonal problems in irritable bowel syndrome patients: a circumplex analysis. J Psychosom Res 2005; 58(6): 523-32. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
10. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry. 10th ed. New York: Wolters Kluwer, 2007, 604-12. [Google Scholar]
11. Nicholl BI, Halder SL, Macfarlane GJ, et al. Psychosocial risk markers for new onset irritable bowel syndrome-results of a large prospective population-based study. Pain 2008; 137(1): 147-55. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
12. Blanchard EB, Scharff L. Psychosocial aspects of assessment and treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in adults and recurrent abdominal pain in children. J Consult Clin Psychol 2002; 70(3): 725-38. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
13. Bennett E, Piesse C, Palmer K, et al. Functional gastrointestinal disorders: psychological, social, and somatic features. Gut 1998; 42(3): 414-20. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
14. Talley N, Boyce P, Jones M. Is the association between irritable bowel syndrome and abuse explained by neuroticism? A population based study. Gut 1998; 42(1): 47-53. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
15. Mirzaei Alavijeh M, NasirZadeh M, Mostafei M, et al. Anxiety Prevalence Survey of 144 Students from Payam-e-Nour Boiene Mieandasht University (Isfahan) and its Relationship with Irritable Bowel Syndrome in 2011. Govaresh 2011; 16(2): 83-90. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
16. Stanley J, Stuart AD, Pretorius HG. Irritable bowel syndrome: Personality and health behaviours: A biopsychosocial approach. Health SA gesondheid 1999; 4(1): 10-8. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
17. Welgan P, Meshkinpour H, Ma L. Role of anger in antral motor activity in irritable bowel syndrome. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 2000; 45(2): 248-51. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
18. Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ. Sleisenger and Fordtran's gastrointestinal and liver disease: pathophysiology/diagnosis/managemn. 19th ed. Esevier: Australia, 2010, 11. [Google Scholar]
19. MELTON LJ. Relation among personality and symptoms in nonulcer dyspepsia and the irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 1990; 99(2) :327-33. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
20. Farnam A, Somi MH, Sarami F, et al. Personality factors and profiles in variants of irritable bowel syndrome. World J Gastroenterol 2007; 13(47): 6414-8. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
21. Roberton T, Daffern M, Bucks RS. Emotion regulation and aggression. Aggression Violent Behav 2012; 17(1): 72-82. [Google Scholar]
22. Szczygieł D, Buczny J, Bazińska R. Emotion regulation and emotional information processing: The moderating effect of emotional awareness. Personality Indivi Diff 2012; 52(3): 433-7. [Google Scholar]
23. Oettle G. Effect of moderate exercise on bowel habit. Gut 1991; 32(8): 941-4. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
24. Crane C, Martin M, Johnston D, et al. Does depression influence symptom severity in irritable bowel syndrome? Case study of a patient with irritable bowel syndrome and bipolar disorder. Psychosomatic Med 2003; 65(5): 919-23. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
25. Gross JJ, John OP. Mapping the domain of expressivity: multimethod evidence for a hierarchical model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1998; 74(1): 170. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
26. Porcelli P, Affatati V, Bellomo A, et al. Alexithymia and psychopathology in patients with psychiatric and functional gastrointestinal disorders. Psychotherapy Psychosomatics 2004; 73(2): 84-91. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
27. Sayar K, Solmaz M, Trablus S, et al. Alexithymia in irritable bowel syndrome. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry 2000; 11(3): 190-7. [Google Scholar]
28. Mayer EA, Naliboff BD, Chang L, et al. V. Stress and irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2001; 280(4): G519-G524. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
29. Chang L, Mayer EA, Labus JS, et al. Effect of sex on perception of rectosigmoid stimuli in irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Physiol Regulatory Integrative Comparative Physiol 2006; 291(2): R277-R284. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
30. McCrae RR, Costa Jr PT. Rotation to maximize the construct validity of factors in the NEO Personality Inventory. Multivariate Behavioral Research 1989; 24(1): 107-24. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
31. Williams KE, Chambless DL, Ahrens A. Are emotions frightening? An extension of the fear of fear construct. Behaviour Research and Therapy 1997; 35(3): 239-48. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.4.559


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Raesi A, Kashkoli F. Predictive Role of Personality Traits with Mediation of Affective Control in relationship with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) among the Students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences (2013-2014). Iran South Med J. 2016; 19 (4) :559-570
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-814-en.html
Volume 19, Number 4 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

Iranian South Medical Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read,
copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly

Copyright © 2017, Iranian South Medical Journal| All Rights Reserved

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.048 seconds with 823 queries by yektaweb 3506