[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 19, Number 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) ::
Iran South Med J 2016, 19(5): 855-870 Back to browse issues page
Association between Mental Health and PTSD with Mediating Role of Personality Traits in Earthquake Victims of Bushehr
Seyyed Mousa Golestaneh *1, Soraya Pirmardvand Chegini2, Seyyed Mahmoud Mosavi Nejad2
1- Department of Psychology, School of Humanities and Letters Science, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran , mgolestaneh@yahoo.com
2- Department of Psychology, School of Humanities and Letters Science, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (1174 Views)

Background: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between mental health and PTSD with mediating role of personality traits in earthquake victims of Bushehr.

Materials and Methods: The population was all of persons who had experienced the 6.20 earthquake in Shonbeh city of Bushehr province in 2011. Among them 400 persons were selected by using multistage random sampling method. The research instruments were Personality Traits Inventory (NEO), Mental Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and PTSD Scale. Evaluation of proposed model was performed by using the structural equation modeling.

Results: The fit indices indicated that the proposed model was fit with data. Results revealed that there was an association between mental health with personality traits directlyand indirectly through personality traits with PTSD. Among personality traits only neurotic and openness were significant.

Conclusion: in fact, the findings of this study showed that having mental health with personality traits is a solution to relieve PTSD symptoms, and in people with mental health with positive personality traits such as openness to experience decrease the risk of disorder and severity of PTSD symptoms among them.

Keywords: PTSD, Personality Traits, Mental Health
Full-Text [PDF 1104 kb]   (341 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2016/11/17 | Accepted: 2016/11/17 | Published: 2016/11/17
References
1. Halgin RP, Whitbourne SK. abnormal Psychology: Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders. In: Mohamadi SY, editors. 4th ed. Tehran: Ravan Press, 2005, 237-8.
2. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013, 265-80. [Google Scholar]
3. Sadock B, Sadock V. Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences Clinical Psychiatry. In: Porafkari N, editors. Tehran: Shareab Press, 2006, 110-2.
4. Sheikhbardsiri H, Sarhadi M, Abdollahyar A, et al. The relationship between personality traits and post-traumatic stress disorder among EMS personnel and hospital emergency staffs. Iran J Crit Care Nurs 2015; 8(1): 35-42. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
5. Mealer M, Burnham EL, Goode CJ, et al. The prevalence and impact of post traumatic stress disorder and burnout syndrome in nurses. Depress Anxiety 2009; 26(12): 1118-26. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
6. Lavoie S, Talbot LR, Mathieu L. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among emergency nurses: their perspective and a ‘tailor-made’ solution. J Adv Nurs 2011; 67(7): 1514-22. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
7. Jonsson A, Segesten K, Mattsson B. Post-traumatic stress among Swedish ambulance personnel. Emerg Med J 2003; 20(1): 79-84. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
8. Iranmanesh S, Tirgari B, Sheikh Bardsiri H. Post-traumatic stress disorder among paramedic and hospital emergency personnel in south-east Iran. World J Emerg Med 2013; 4(1): 26-31.
9. Xia ZY, Kong Y, Yin TT, et al. The impact of acceptance of disability and psychological resilience on post-traumatic stress disorders in burn patients. Int J Nurs Sci 2014; 371-5. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
10. Kharamin Sh A, Gorji R, Gholam Zade S, et al. The prevalence rate of post-traumatic disorder (PTSD) in the rape victims of Kohgiloyeh and Boyairahmad province during (2011-2012). IJFM 2012; 8(2 and 3): 99-106. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
11. Vaccarino V, Goldberg J, Rooks C, et al. Post-traumatic stress disorder and incidence of coronary heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2013; 62(11): 970-8. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
12. Mazza M, Tempesta D, Pino MC, et al. Neural activity related to cognitive and emotional empathy in post-traumatic stress disorder. Behav Brain Res 2015; 282: 37-45. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
13. Selaman ZM, Chartrand HK, Bolton JM, et al. Which symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are associated with suicide attempts. J Anxiety Disord 2014; 28(2): 246-51. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
14. Balan S, Widner G, Shroff M, et al. Drug use disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder over 25 adult years: Role of psychopathology in relational networks. Drug Alcohol Depend 2013; 133(1): 228-34. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
15. Goldfinger JZ, Edmondson D, Kronish IM, et al. Correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder in stroke survivors. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014; 23(5): 1099-105. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
16. Saki K, Rafieian-Kopaei M, Bahmani M. The study of intensity and frequency of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) resulting from war in Ilam city. Life Sci J 2013; 10(7): 407-17. (Persian). [Google Scholar]
17. Ebadi M, Harirchi M, Shariati M, et al. Translation, reliability and validity of the 12-item general health questionnaire among young people in Iran. Payesh 2002; 1(3): 39-46. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
18. Rezaei A, Khorsha M, Maghami H. Investigate the relationship between personality traits, motivational beliefs, and learning strategies with academic performance of students of Humanities and Sciences. J Edu Psychol 2012; 8: 211-34. (Persian). [Google Scholar]
19. Costa PT, McCrae R. Domains and facets: hierarchical personality assessment using the revised NEO personality inventory. J Pers Assessment 1995; 64(1): 21-50. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
20. McCrae RR, Costa PT. A contemplated revision of the NEO five-factor inventory. Pers Indiv Diff 2004; 36(3): 587-96. [Google Scholar]
21. Kline RB. Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling. 2th ed. New York: Guilford Press, 2005,74. [Google Scholar]
22. Rahnama Nehzami N, Rezaei S, Jomehri F, et al. Personality characteristics and stress in pepticulcer patients and healthy individuals: acomparative study considering sex differences. Daneshvar Med 2012; 19(99): 1-15. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
23. Ghanei Gheshlagh R, Valiei S, Rezaei M, et al. The relationship between personality characteristics and Nursing occupational stress. IJPN 2013; 1(3): 27-34. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
24. Cox BJ, Borger SC, Taylor S, et al. Anxiety sensitivity and the Five-factor model of personality. Behav Res Ther 1999; 37(7): 633-41. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
25. Chamorro-Premuzic T, Ahmetoglu G, Furnham A. Little more than personality: Dispositional determinants of test anxiety (the Big Five, core self-evaluations, and self-assessed intelligence). Learn Individ Differ 2008; 18(2): 258-63. [Google Scholar]
26. Mosavi M. Check mediate the relationship between personality and tenacity in post-traumatic stress syndrome, mental health and mental well-being [dissertation]. Bushehr: University of Bushehr Free Higher Education, 2013.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.5.855


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Golestaneh S M, Pirmardvand Chegini S, Mosavi Nejad S M. Association between Mental Health and PTSD with Mediating Role of Personality Traits in Earthquake Victims of Bushehr. Iran South Med J. 2016; 19 (5) :855-870
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-833-en.html
Volume 19, Number 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

Iranian South Medical Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read,
copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly

Copyright © 2017, Iranian South Medical Journal| All Rights Reserved

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.811 seconds with 815 queries by yektaweb 3461