[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 19, Number 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) ::
Iran South Med J 2016, 19(5): 871-876 Back to browse issues page
Measurement of Total Amount of Volatile Organic Compounds in Fresh and Indoor Air in Four Kindergartens in Ahvaz City
Mahsa Moradi1, Mahmoud Alimohammadi *2, Maziar Naderi1
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m_alimohammadi@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (903 Views)

Background: Nowadays, volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) are considered as one of the most well-known air pollutants, especially in the indoor environments. The aim of this study was to measure the amount of TVOCs in indoor and fresh air around the intended kindergartens and investigation the association between indoor and outdoor concentrations.

Materials and Methods: The measurement was done in four kindergartens in Ahvaz city in five days between 9 to 10 o'clock in the morning. Overall, 40 samples were collected.The PhoCheck PID Detector portal device was used for activity sampling in this study. Also, the results were reported by SPSS16 Software and descriptive statistics.

Results: The mean of measured TVOC in the indoor and outdoor air were 50 µg/m3 (SD= ±74) and 495 µg/m3 (SD= ±310) respectively. The analyses conducted by the paired-samples t-test and it indicated that the amount of fresh air is not effective on the indoor environment values.

Conclusion: The measured values in indoor air of these kindergartens depend on internal factors and appropriate ventilation is slightly had been effective.

Keywords: kindergarten, total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs), fresh air, indoor environment
Full-Text [PDF 154 kb]   (297 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2016/11/17 | Accepted: 2016/11/17 | Published: 2016/11/17
References
1. Mosaddegh Mehrjerdi MH, Tahmasebi N, Barkhordari FiroozAbadi A, et al. The investigation of exposure to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) with Solid Phase Microextr action Method in gas station in Yazd province. Iran South Med J 2014; 16(6): 419-27. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
2. Derwent RG. Sources, distributions, and fates of VOCs in the atmosphere. Issues Environ Sci Technol 1995; 4: 1-16. [Google Scholar]
3. Delgado-Saborit JM, Aquilina NJ, Meddings C, et al. Relationship of personal exposure to volatile organic compounds to home, work and fixed site outdoor concentrations. Sci Total Environ 2011; 409(3): 478-88. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
4. Jurvelin JA. Personal exposures to volatile organic compounds and carbonyls: relationships to microenvironment concentrations and analysis of sources. Finland: National Public Health Institute, Department of Environmental Health, 2003; 19-22. . [Google Scholar]
5. Caprino L, Togna GI. Potential health effects of gasoline and its constituents: A review of current literature (1990-1997) on toxicological data. Environ Health Perspect 1998; 106(3): 115. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
6. Heseltine E, Rosen J. WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: dampness and mould. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office Europe, 2009; 101-103. [Google Scholar]
7. Geiss O, Giannopoulos G, Tirendi S, et al. The AIRMEX study-VOC measurements in public buildings and schools/kindergartens in eleven European cities: Statistical analysis of the data. Atmos Environ 2011; 45(22): 3676-84. [Google Scholar]
8. Missia DA, Demetriou E, Michael N, et al. Indoor exposure from building materials: a field study. Atmos Environ 2010; 44(35): 4388-95. [Google Scholar]
9. Sexton K, Mongin SJ, Adgate JL, et al. Estimating volatile organic compound concentrations in selected microenvironments using time–activity and personal exposure data. J Toxicol Environ Health A 2007; 70(5): 465-76. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
10. Daisey JM, Angell WJ, Apte MG. Indoor air quality, ventilation and health symptoms in schools: an analysis of existing information. Indoor Air 2003; 13(1): 53-64. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
11. Kotzias D. Indoor air and human exposure assessment--needs and approaches. Exp Toxicol Pathol 2005; 57: 5-7. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
12. Sohn J, Yang W, Kim J, et al. Indoor air quality investigation according to age of the school buildings in Korea. J Environ Manage 2009; 90(1): 348-54. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
13. Schieweck A, Salthammer T. Indoor air quality in passive-type museum showcases. J Cult Heritage 2011; 12(2): 205-13. [Google Scholar]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.5.871


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moradi M, Alimohammadi M, Naderi M. Measurement of Total Amount of Volatile Organic Compounds in Fresh and Indoor Air in Four Kindergartens in Ahvaz City. Iran South Med J. 2016; 19 (5) :871-876
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-834-en.html
Volume 19, Number 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2016) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

Iranian South Medical Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read,
copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly

Copyright © 2017, Iranian South Medical Journal| All Rights Reserved

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.975 seconds with 808 queries by yektaweb 3506