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:: Volume 20, Number 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2017) ::
Iran South Med J 2017, 20(1): 46-56 Back to browse issues page
Association Between Allergic Diseases and Food Allergens Based on Skin Prick Test in Bushehr Province
Saman Keshvari1, Afshin Shirkani2, Rahim Tahmasebi3, Abdolmajid Omrani4, Shokrollah Farrokhi *5
1- The Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Immunology, Asthma and Allergy, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
3- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
4- Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
5- The Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Department of Immunology, Asthma and Allergy, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , sh.farokhi@bpums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1248 Views)

Background: The Frequency of allergic diseases is growing in recent years. Identification of frequency of food allergens in different areas play an important role in diagnosis and treatment of these diseases. The aim of this study was to determine frequency and association of common food allergens in patients with allergic diseases based on Skin Prick Test in Bushehr province.

Material and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 1100 patients were enrolled with allergic diseases which had a sensitivity to at least one allergen.  This test was carried out with 21 common food allergens extract.

Results: In all patients, association between the severity of the reaction prick allergy test and severity of allergic diseases with shrimp, cow's Milk and peanuts were (P= 0.01), (P= 0.02) and (P=0.04) respectively. In this study, the frequency of allergic rhinitis, asthma, chronic and acute urticaris and atopic eczema were 54.2%, 23%, 12.4%, 4.1% and 12%, respectively. While the the most common food allergens were peanuts (46.6%), egg yolk (43.1%) and shrimp (42%) respectively.

Conclusion: This study indicated that food allergens such as shrimp, cow's Milk and peanuts have a greater role in severity of allergic diseases and this food allergens showed the highest frequency in patients.

Keywords: Allergic diseases, Asthma, Food allergens, Skin prick test
Full-Text [PDF 626 kb]   (500 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin
Received: 2017/02/26 | Accepted: 2017/02/26 | Published: 2017/02/26
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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ismj.20.1.46


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Keshvari S, Shirkani A, Tahmasebi R, Omrani A, Farrokhi S. Association Between Allergic Diseases and Food Allergens Based on Skin Prick Test in Bushehr Province. Iran South Med J. 2017; 20 (1) :46-56
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-856-en.html
Volume 20, Number 1 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2017) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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