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:: Volume 18, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) ::
Iran South Med J 2015, 18(3): 597-606 Back to browse issues page
Influencing factors in the health promoting behaviors of Urinary system based on health belief model in pregnant women in Bushehr 2013-14
Farzaneh Noroozi1, Azita Noroozi2, Rahim Tahmasebi3
1- Department of Health Education, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Health Education, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , azitanoroozi@yahoo.com
3- Department of Health Promotion, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Department of Biostatistics, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (4834 Views)

Background: Urinary tract infection is the second most common complication of pregnancy that will follow with maternal and fetal complications. The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting the urinary system health promoting behaviors in pregnant women based on the health belief model. Materials and methods: The present study is a descriptive - analytic study was performed on 250 pregnant women referred to health centers of Bushehr. The tools for collecting information was a multi sectional questionnaire consisting of demographic information, measurement of urinary system health behavior, knowledge and health belief model constructs, which its validity and reliability were ensured previously. Data analysis was performed with SPSS version 20 by using correlation coefficient and linear regression tests. Results: The mean age of subjects 27/4±4/4 years.The relationship between demographic variables and health behavior wasn’t found. The most people (179 equivalents to 71/6%) had medium level of knowledge about urinary tract infection, and only 44 women (17.6%) had appropriate awareness. Mean score of preventive behaviors was significant difference between different levels of knowledge (p =0/026), self efficacy (p=0/000) and perceived barriers (p=0/002). In multivariate ANOVA, only the self efficacy had strong positive relationship with the preventing behaviors of urinary tract infection (p=0/000). Conclusion: Based on these results, the necessity of education based on health belief model with an emphasis on increasing the efficacy is necessary.

Keywords: Health promotion behavior, Urinary tract infection, Health belief model, Pregnancy
Full-Text [PDF 562 kb]   (1347 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2014/05/24 | Accepted: 2014/07/12 | Published: 2015/06/28
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Noroozi F, Noroozi A, Tahmasebi R. Influencing factors in the health promoting behaviors of Urinary system based on health belief model in pregnant women in Bushehr 2013-14. Iran South Med J. 2015; 18 (3) :597-606
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-706-en.html


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Volume 18, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) Back to browse issues page
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