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:: Volume 18, Number 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) ::
Iran South Med J 2015, 18(5): 1007-1015 Back to browse issues page
Cultivation and Comparison Drug and Nutritional Value of Milk Thistle Ecotypes
Mohammadamin Kohanmoo *1, Mohammad Modarresi2, Zeinab Bagheri Kahkesh2
1- Plant Breeding Department, College of Agricultural and Natural Resources, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran , kohanmoo@pgu.ac.ir
2- Plant Breeding Department, College of Agricultural and Natural Resources, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (1117 Views)

Background: Milk thistle ecotypes have drug and nutritional value. Ecological and agronomical needs should be recognized and were selected for cultivation. The aim of this study was comparison of Milk thistle ecotypes for feeding and pharmacy value in order to selection and cultivation in Bushehr province.

Materials and Methods: Field study was carried out in a randomized complete design with three ecotype (in four replication) in growing season of 2012-13 at the research farm of Persian Gulf University (Borazjan campus). Morphological and phytochemical traits were measured. Oil content and methanol extract were prepared by Soxhelt extraction and maceration method respectively Fatty acid profile and total Sylimarin were analyzed by GC and rotary evaporator devices. Data was analyzed by ANOVA and DMRT test methods.

Results: Morphological and yield related traits, fatty acids and total Sylimarin had statistically significant different, but oil content was not significant (P&le 0.01). Highest seed yields, total sylimarin (6.5 %) and oil content (25.5 %), were related to Ecotype no. 2, selected population and ecotype no. 1 and 2 ecotypes respectively. Saturated fatty acid: Unsaturated Fatty acid ratio in selected population and ecotypes were measured 3.32 % and 3.99 % respectively.

Conclusion: Results showed significant differences between Morphological and phytochemical traits in three ecotypes. Maximum yield (1417 kg ha-1), oil percentage (354 kg ha-1) and lowest total sylimarin were related to    Ecotype no. 2. These ecotypes can be selected and cultivated for commercial propose in Bushehr province.

Keywords: Milk thistle, Ecotype, Fatty acid, Sylimarin
Full-Text [PDF 409 kb]   (564 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Pharmacology
Received: 2015/11/8 | Accepted: 2015/11/8 | Published: 2015/11/8
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DOI: 10.7508/ismj.1394.05.008


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Kohanmoo M, Modarresi M, Bagheri Kahkesh Z. Cultivation and Comparison Drug and Nutritional Value of Milk Thistle Ecotypes. Iran South Med J. 2015; 18 (5) :1007-1015
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-734-en.html
Volume 18, Number 5 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2015) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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