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:: Volume 19, Number 6 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2017) ::
Iran South Med J 2017, 19(6): 972-981 Back to browse issues page
Study of Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma and Allergic Diseases Among School Children (6-7 and 13-14 years) Based on ISAAC Protocol in Jam City, Bushehr Province in 2014
Tahere Assadi1, Mohammadkazem Gheybi2, Afshin Shirkani2, Ali Movahed3, Shaghaeagh Khoddami2, Ahmad Ashourinejad2, Shokroola Farrokhi *4
1- The Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Immunology, Asthma and Allergy, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
3- Depatmant of Biochemistry, The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
4- The Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Department of Immunology, Asthma and Allergy, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , sh.farokhi@bpums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1499 Views)

Background: Asthma and allergic diseases are raised as a major health problem in the world. The prevalence of these diseases is on the rise specifically in the world and Iran. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of these diseases in Jam City, from environs of Bushehr Province.

Material and Methods: this study was performed on 516 schoolchildren aged 6-7 years and 569 schoolchildren aged 13-14 years in schools of this city based on a standard questionnaire of allergic conditions and asthma (ISAAC) phase 1 and 3, which mention to the prevalence and risk factors for these diseases in 2014.    

Results: in prevalence of atopic eczema, allergic rhinitis and asthma among 6-7year old schoolchildren were 13.8 %, 20% and 3.9%, respectively, While, the prevalence of these diseases among 13-14 year old schoolchildren were 19.5%, 19.2% and 6.7%, respectively. There were a significant association in each group, between affliction rate to asthmaand its association with rhinitis and eczema (P<0.05). Also, there were a significant association between the prevalence of these diseases and the presence of risk factors such as exposure to cigarette smoke, pet care and use of gas as a fuel at home. (P<0.05).

Conclusion: the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases was high in Jam city and this increase is associated to risk factors such as exposure to cigarette smoke, pet care and use of gas as a fuel at home.

Keywords: Prevalence, Asthma, atopic eczema, allergic rhinitis, ISAAC
Full-Text [PDF 634 kb]   (437 Downloads)    
Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2017/01/14 | Accepted: 2017/01/14 | Published: 2017/01/14
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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.6.972


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Assadi T, Gheybi M, Shirkani A, Movahed A, Khoddami S, Ashourinejad A et al . Study of Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma and Allergic Diseases Among School Children (6-7 and 13-14 years) Based on ISAAC Protocol in Jam City, Bushehr Province in 2014. Iran South Med J. 2017; 19 (6) :972-981
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-849-en.html
Volume 19, Number 6 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2017) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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