[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2019) ::
Iran South Med J 2019, 22(3): 174-183 Back to browse issues page
Knowledge and Attitude of Clients and Staff of Shohadaye- Khalije-Fars Hospital Towards Decision Making on Organ Donation
Jameleh Kiani1 , Marzieh Mahmoodi 2, Saeid Keshmiri3, Sadigheh Kheirandish4, Ali Reza Hajiuni5, Farhad Abbasi6
1- Clinical Research Development Center, The Persian Gulf Martyrs Hospital, Bushehr University Of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics, School of Health and Nutrition, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , ma.mahmoodi@bpums.ac.ir
3- The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Insti-tute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
4- Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bu-shehr, Iran
5- Department of Disaster Public Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
6- Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (1210 Views)
Background: Organ transplant is considered the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage organ disorders. This process improves recipient’s longevity and quality of life. However, organ shortage for transplantation has remained an unresolved global issue. One of the primary sources of organ donation is brain-dead bodies. The most important factor that impedes the success of donation is lack of family's consent. Exploring effective factors on decision making of the families of brain-dead patients for organ donation helps policy makers plan how to facilitate organ donation.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 223 employees and 222 clients of Shohadaye-Khalij-e-Fars Hospital in Bushehr province in 2016. Samples were selected through a proportionate stratified random sampling from each hospital. Knowledge and Attitude towards Organ
Donation and Brain Death Questionnaire, developed by Iranian Society of Organ Donation, was used for data collection. Data were analyzed in SPSS 16.
Results: Mean scores of employees' knowledge and attitude towards donation were higher than those of hospital clients. However, clients' mean score of religious belief was higher than employees'. There was a significant positive relationship between employees' attitude and religious belief. A significant relationship was also observed between employees' knowledge and probable causes of disagreement with organ donation. Furthermore, the relationship of hospital clients' attitude towards donation with their religious belief, knowledge and probable causes of disagreement with organ donation was significant. The relationship of their knowledge with their religious belief and probable causes of disagreement with organ donation was also significant.
Conclusion: Considering that organ donation can save people's lives, the need to train and improve the factors observed in this research is felt to encourage people to donate organs.
Keywords: knowledge, attitude, organ donation, brain-dead
Full-Text [PDF 604 kb]   (236 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2019/07/1 | Accepted: 2019/07/1 | Published: 2019/07/1
1. Symvoulakis EK, Rachiotis G, Papagiannis D, et al. Organ Donation Knowledge and Attitudes among Health Science Students in Greece: Emerging Interprofessional Needs. Int J Med Sci 2014; 11(6): 634-40. [PubMed]
2. Stadlbauer V, Steiner P, Schweiger M, et al. Knowledge and Attitude of ICU Nurses, Students and Patients Towards the Austrian Organ Donation Law. BMC med ethics 2013; 14(1):32. [Article]
3. Zohoor A, Piri Z. Attitudes of Physicians and Nurses of Intensive Care Units to Organ Transplantation with Brain Dead in the Hospitals Affiliated with Iran University of Medical Sciences (Tehran-2003). Razi J Med Sci 2004; 11(39): 97-105. (Persian) [Article]
4. Akrami S, Osati Z, Zahedi F, et al. Brain Death: Recent Ethical and Religious Considerations in Iran. Transplant Proc 2004; 36(10): 2883-7. 5.Krishna HG. Attitude of Staff Nurses towards Organ Donation. Asian J Nurs Educ Res 2015; 5(1): 105. [Article]
5. Krishna HG. Attitude of Staff Nurses towards Organ Donation. Asian J Nurs Educ Res 2015; 5(1): 105. [Article]
6. Chakradhar K, Doshi D, Reddy BS, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Organ Donation among Indian Dental Students. Int J Organ Transplant Med 2016; 7(1): 28-35. [PubMed]
7. Arjmand B, Aghayan H, Godarzi P, et al. Knowledge and Attitudes about Organ Donation and Tissue Donation Card Makers and Members of Connective Tissue Bank Products (case/control). J Med Council Islamic Repub Iran 2008; 26(1): 30-5. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
8. Beaulieu D. Organ Donation: The Family's Right to Make an Informed Choice. J Neurosci Nurs 1999; 31(1): 37-42. [Article]
9. Ali Akbari Babokani E, Shakeri M, Shamli N. The Last Will and Consent of the Next of Kin in Removing Organs. J Islam Law 2012; 10(29): 197-233. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
10. Linos K, Fraser J, Freeman WD, et al. Care of the Brain-dead Organ Donor. Curr Anaesth Crit Care 2007; 18(5-6): 284-94 [Article]
11. Saghi E, Tonekaboni H, Mousa S. A Review of Legal Vacuums in the Issue of Transplanting Organs Taken from Brain Dead Patients. Ir J Forensic Med 2017; 23(1): 61-7. [Link]
12. Alsaied O, Bener A, Al-Mosalamani Y, et al. Knowledge and Attitudes of Health Care Professionals Toward Organ Donation and Transplantation. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2012; 23(6): 1304. [Article]
13. Kim JR, Elliott D, Hyde C. The Influence of Sociocultural Factors on Organ Donation and Transplantation in Korea: Findings from Key Informant Interviews. J Transcult Nurs 2004; 15(2): 147-54. [Article]
14. O'mallon M. Vulnerable Populations: Exploring a Family Perspective of Grief. J Hosp Palliat Nurs 2009; 11(2): 91-8. [Article]
15. Ebrahim AF. Islamic Jurisprudence and the End of Human Life. Med Law 1998; 17: 189. [PubMed]
16. Dehdashti Lesani M, Mombeini I, Baghaei S. Factors Affecting the Willingness of Organ Donation from Brain Dead Patients in Ahvaz. Jundishapur Sci Med J 2015; 14(1): 87-75. [Article]
17. Amani F, Ghaffari Moghaddam M, Hossein Zadeh S, et al. Attitude towards Ardabil's Resident about Organ Transplantation in Brain Death. Ir J Forensic Med 2015;21(1):7-12 [Article]
18. Purbahram R, Ashktorab T, Barazabadi Farahani Z, et al. Knowledge and Attitude of the Intensive Care Unit Nurses in Mazandaran Province towards Organ Donation. Iran J Nurs 2017; 30(107): 1-9. [Article]
19. Najafizade K, Ghobadi A. Comprehensive Training in the Provision of Transplantation (Special Organ Donation Candidates). Tehran: Andishehsara, 2018, 1-473. (Persian). [Link]
20. Montero AS, Martínez-Isasi S, Fieira EC, et al. Knowledge and Attitudes toward Organ Donation among Health Professionals in a Third Level Hospital. Rev Esp Salud Publica 2018; 92: e201804007. [PubMed]
21. Schaeffner ES, Windisch W, Freidel K, et al. Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Organ Donation among Medical Students and Physicians. Transplantation 2004; 77(11): 1714-8. [PubMed]
22. Vijayalakshmi P, Sunitha T, Gandhi S, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour of the General Population towards Organ Donation: An Indian Perspective. Natl Med J India 2016; 29(5): 257 [PubMed]
23. Vlaisavljević Ž, Janković S, Soldatović I. Survey of Knowledge and Attitudes of Head Nurses Regarding Organ Transplantation. Acta med. Median 2017; 56(4): 38-44. [Link]
24. Saleem T, Ishaque S, Habib N, et al. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Survey on Organ Donation among a Selected Adult Population of Pakistan. BMC Med Ethics 2009; 10(1): 5. [Article]
25. Güngörmüş Z, Dayapoğlu N. The Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour of Individuals Regarding Organ Donations. TAF Prev Med Bull 2014; 13(2): 133-40. [Article]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kiani J, Mahmoodi M, Keshmiri S, Kheirandish S, Hajiuni A R, Abbasi F. Knowledge and Attitude of Clients and Staff of Shohadaye- Khalije-Fars Hospital Towards Decision Making on Organ Donation. Iran South Med J. 2019; 22 (3) :174-183
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1096-en.html

Volume 22, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2019) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

Iranian South Medical Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read,
copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly

Copyright © 2017, Iranian South Medical Journal| All Rights Reserved

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4140