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:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2019) ::
Iran South Med J 2019, 22(3): 174-183 Back to browse issues page
Knowledge and Attitude of Clients and Staff of Shohadaye- Khalije-Fars Hospital Towards Decision Making on Organ Donation
Jameleh Kiani1 , Marzieh Mahmoodi 2, Saeid Keshmiri3, Sadigheh Kheirandish4, Ali Reza Hajiuni5, Farhad Abbasi6
1- Clinical Research Development Center, The Persian Gulf Martyrs Hospital, Bushehr University Of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics, School of Health and Nutrition, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , ma.mahmoodi@bpums.ac.ir
3- The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Insti-tute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
4- Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bu-shehr, Iran
5- Department of Disaster Public Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
6- Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (342 Views)
Background: Organ transplant is considered the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage organ disorders. This process improves recipient’s longevity and quality of life. However, organ shortage for transplantation has remained an unresolved global issue. One of the primary sources of organ donation is brain-dead bodies. The most important factor that impedes the success of donation is lack of family's consent. Exploring effective factors on decision making of the families of brain-dead patients for organ donation helps policy makers plan how to facilitate organ donation.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 223 employees and 222 clients of Shohadaye-Khalij-e-Fars Hospital in Bushehr province in 2016. Samples were selected through a proportionate stratified random sampling from each hospital. Knowledge and Attitude towards Organ
Donation and Brain Death Questionnaire, developed by Iranian Society of Organ Donation, was used for data collection. Data were analyzed in SPSS 16.
Results: Mean scores of employees' knowledge and attitude towards donation were higher than those of hospital clients. However, clients' mean score of religious belief was higher than employees'. There was a significant positive relationship between employees' attitude and religious belief. A significant relationship was also observed between employees' knowledge and probable causes of disagreement with organ donation. Furthermore, the relationship of hospital clients' attitude towards donation with their religious belief, knowledge and probable causes of disagreement with organ donation was significant. The relationship of their knowledge with their religious belief and probable causes of disagreement with organ donation was also significant.
Conclusion: Considering that organ donation can save people's lives, the need to train and improve the factors observed in this research is felt to encourage people to donate organs.
Keywords: knowledge, attitude, organ donation, brain-dead
Full-Text [PDF 604 kb]   (118 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2019/07/1 | Accepted: 2019/07/1 | Published: 2019/07/1
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Kiani J, Mahmoodi M, Keshmiri S, Kheirandish S, Hajiuni A R, Abbasi F. Knowledge and Attitude of Clients and Staff of Shohadaye- Khalije-Fars Hospital Towards Decision Making on Organ Donation. Iran South Med J. 2019; 22 (3) :174-183
URL: http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-1096-en.html


Volume 22, Issue 3 (Iranian South Medical Journal 2019) Back to browse issues page
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، طب جنوب ISMJ

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